自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (8): 1310-1317.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.08.004

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于主体功能区划和机会成本的生态补偿标准分析

代明, 刘燕妮, 陈罗俊   

  1. 暨南大学 经济学院, 广州 510632
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-16 修回日期:2012-09-21 出版日期:2013-08-20 发布日期:2013-08-19
  • 作者简介:代明(1955- ),男,重庆人,博导,从事流域经济研究。E-mail: bofeng1004@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东产业发展与粤港澳区域合作研究中心技术支持。

The Study on Quantitative Standard of Eco-compensation under Major Function-oriented Zone Planning and Opportunity Cost

DAI Ming, LIU Yan-ni, CHEN Luo-jun   

  1. School of Economics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
  • Received:2012-03-16 Revised:2012-09-21 Online:2013-08-20 Published:2013-08-19
  • Contact: 刘燕妮(1986- ),女,河北人,硕士研究生,从事生态补偿与资源管理研究。E-mail:yani66@126.com E-mail:yani66@126.com

摘要: 要保证全国及各省、市、县主体功能区规划的顺利实施,首先要确保被"限制"或"禁止"发展(主要针对工业)的特定区域得到最基本的经济补偿——其标准足以弥补因限制或放弃发展机会而付出的机会成本。为此论文基于各地经济社会发展的实际情况,从工业基础薄弱和相对雄厚这两种情况出发,通过建立生态补偿与机会成本的计量模型,并以广东佛冈为样本进行实证分析,得到了工业发展减速后理应得到的生态补偿水平。研究表明:全国主体功能区规划实施的成败取决于生态补偿能否顺利实施,而生态补偿实施的关键又在于其补偿标准的合理量化。

关键词: 生态补偿, 佛冈县, 主体功能区划, 机会成本

Abstract: To ensure the implementation of the major function-oriented zone planning at the national, provincial, municipal and county levels, it is important to guarantee the specific regions which have been restricted or prohibited developing(mainly for industry) get the basic economic compensation that can make up for the opportunity cost. So, based on the actual situation of local economic and social development, considering the two kinds of situation that one is weak in industrial base and the other is relatively strong in industrial foundation, we select the GDP, industrial output, employment and investment in fixed assets as variabs. Through principal component analysis and standardization of the data, we use SPSS to make a regression analysis, and then establish the measurement model between ecological compensation standard and opportunity cost. Taking Fogang for example, the paper gets the amount of ecological compensation that the specific regions are supposed to receive the positioning arrangement after decelerating industrial development. The research shows that the smooth implementation of the national major function-oriented zone planning depends on if the ecological compensation can be put into effect successfully, while the accurate quantification of ecological compensation is the key.

Key words: ecological compensation, Fogang county, major function-oriented zone planning, opportunity cost

中图分类号: 

  • F205