自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 1130-1138.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.07.005

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

海湾型城市滨水空间的战略区位及生态格局——以厦门市马銮湾新城为例

于海霞1, 徐礼强2, 陈晓宏1, 张强1   

  1. 1. 中山大学 地理科学与规划学院, 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广州 510275;
    2. 珠江水利委员会 珠江水利科学研究院, 广州 510611
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-02 修回日期:2013-01-17 出版日期:2013-07-20 发布日期:2013-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 徐礼强,男,博士,主要研究方向为环境污染控制与资源化利用。E-mail:xu_liqiang@163.com E-mail:xu_liqiang@163.com
  • 作者简介:于海霞(1976-),女,博士,主要研究方向为资源环境规划与管理。E-mail:yuhaixia@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(111gpy100);国家自然科学基金(51009156);广东省自然科学基金(10451061101005309)。

Strategic Analysis and Ecological Patern of Urban Waterfront: A Case Study of Maluan Bay in Xiamen City

YU Hai-xia1, XU Li-qiang2, CHEN Xiao-hong1, ZHANG Qiang1   

  1. 1. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and GEO-simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Pearl River Hydraulic Research Institute of PRWRC, Guangzhou 510611, China
  • Received:2012-07-02 Revised:2013-01-17 Online:2013-07-20 Published:2013-07-20

摘要:

海湾型城市定位及其滨水空间的生态建设在城市发展中具有非常重要的意义,基于海湾资源的稀缺性,论文以厦门市马銮湾为例,在基于区位优势的城市发展定位的基础上,确定其战略目标、总体发展方向和城市功能定位,进而构建了马銮湾生态保育区、生态重建区和生态过渡区基本生态框架,在此基础上对生态重建区提出了滨水生态空间构建的初步建议。

关键词: 海湾型城市, 滨水空间, 战略区位, 生态格局

Abstract:

Bay-type city is a recognization of cities in terms of spatial development morphology, it is also a kind of goal-directed promoting urban development. Recognization of bay-type city and ecological construction of waterfront space are of great importance to the development of cities. Based on the scarcity of gulf resources, this article specifies the significance to the optimization of city space and maintenance and improvement of urban ecological system by defining the bay-type cities as well as waterfront areas, and analyzing the characteristics of their space structure. Due to the fact that location advantage plays an important role in the determination of urban characteristics, urban scale, industrial structure, development trend and strategies, the author brings forward the development orientation of bay-style cities on the basis of their dominance, and also determines their strategic goal and general development direction by analyzing the location advantage. Accordingly, optimization of ecological pattern is adjusted and controlled, which is the emphasis and key point to realize the ecologicalization of urban structure, and also the foundation to construct the basic ecological framework and the earth utilization framework. Based on the region component of urban ecology system and function difference, the basic ecological frameworks of ecological caring section in Maluan Bay, ecological rebuilding section and ecological transition section have been established, which accounts 22%, 70% and 8% of the 69 km2 key area respectively. On the basis of expanding waterfront space of bay-type cities, this article aims to construct a urban function group of great variety and equilibrium layout by balanced calculation of earth utilization in ecological rebuilding section and division of function areas, eventually to realize the dynamic integration of functions in different areas.

Key words: bay-type city, waterfront space, strategic status, ecological pattern

中图分类号: 

  • X171.1