自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 391-401.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.03.004

• 资源安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国洪水灾害风险县(市)统计分布特征研究

孙莉英1,2, 倪晋仁2, 蔡强国1, 毛小苓2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京100101;
    2. 北京大学 环境工程系教育部水沙科学重点实验室, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2012-02-13 修回日期:2012-09-04 出版日期:2013-03-20 发布日期:2013-03-20
  • 作者简介:孙莉英(1978-),女,河北灵寿人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事水沙环境风险分析与控制研究。E-mail:sunliying@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41001165,40971165,40901133)。

Statistical Distribution Characteristics of Counties and Cities for Flood Risk in China

SUN Li-ying1,2, NI Jin-ren2, CAI Qiang-guo1, MAO Xiao-ling2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Environmental Engineering, Peking University; Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2012-02-13 Revised:2012-09-04 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-03-20

摘要:

根据洪水灾害风险管理的发展阶段及特点,考虑洪水灾害对社会经济的短期影响及对社会-经济-环境复合系统可能造成的潜在影响,以"基于洪水保险的洪灾风险(FIRFR)"和"洪灾对可持续发展的潜在影响(PFIOS)"两种概念指数为基础,对全国范围及不同分区FIRFRPFIOS的县(市)统计分布特征及相对等级差异进行对比分析。结果表明,FIRFRPFIOS县(市)频数分布特征差异显著,前者基本呈"尖峰"、"右尾"状分布,而后者基本呈对称分布,洪灾短期影响与洪灾潜在影响的重点区域不同。根据不同分区FIRFRPFIOS统计特征和相对等级差异,提出不同分区综合防洪减灾对策与建议,以有利于可持续发展背景下洪灾风险管理体系的完善和补充,为以区域可持续发展为目的的综合防洪减灾决策提供科学参考。

关键词: 可持续发展, 洪水灾害, 快速评估, 频数分布, 综合防洪减灾

Abstract:

According to the characteristics of the development of flood risk management system, it is necessary to consider both the short-term economic loss caused by certain flood events and long-term flood impacts on the complex socio-economic-environmental system. Based on the two conceptual indicators of ‘Flood Insurance Related Flood Risk (FIRFR )’ and ‘Potential Flood Impacts On Sustainability (PFIOS)’, the statistical characteristics of counties and cities for FIRFR and PFIOS were specifically discussed at the national scale and regional scale. The results indicated that counties and cities distribution characteristics varied greatly for FIRFR and PFIOS whether at the national scale or the regional scale. FIRFR presents "leptokurtic" and "heavy-tailed" frequency distribution patterns and PFIOS frequency distribution presents symmetric pattern. Integrated flood prevention and mitigation countermeasures were put forward in combination with the grade variations of FIRFR and PFIOS in different zones. This can help to improve and supply the current flood risk management system in the context of sustainable development. Also, the study can provide scientific references for the decision making on integrated flood prevention and mitigation that targetted to the regional sustainable development.

Key words: sustainable development, flood hazard, rapid assessment, frequency distribution, integrated flood prevention and mitigation

中图分类号: 

  • P426.616