自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1899-1907.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.11.009

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

芨芨草草丛肥岛特征

张生楹1,2, 张德罡1,2, 陈建纲1,2, 徐长林1, 柳小妮1,2, 张虎1   

  1. 1. 甘肃农业大学 草业学院, 兰州 730070;
    2. 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室, 中-美草地畜牧业可持续研究中心, 兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2012-01-07 修回日期:2012-04-23 出版日期:2012-11-20 发布日期:2012-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 张德罡(1963-),教授。E-mail:zhangdg@gsau.edu.cn E-mail:zhangdg@gsau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张生楹(1983-),男,甘肃省景泰县,硕士,主要研究方向为草地资源与生态。E-mail:052zsy@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然基金项目(30960264);草地综合顺序分类系统与中国草地NPP的研究。

Characteristics of Achnatherum splendens Tussock Fertile Island

ZHANG Sheng-ying1,2, ZHANG De-gang1,2, CHEN Jian-gang1,2, XU Chang-lin1, LIU Xiao-ni1,2, ZHANG Hu1   

  1. 1. College of Pratacultural Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Grassland Ecosystem, Ministry of Education; Sino-US Center for Grazingland Ecosystem Sustainability, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2012-01-07 Revised:2012-04-23 Online:2012-11-20 Published:2012-11-20

摘要:

论文通过对祁连山区芨芨草草丛肥岛特征研究,结果表明:①芨芨草草丛肥岛冠幅下土壤养分高于空地。②土壤有机质、 全氮、 全磷、 速效氮、 速效磷、 速效钾、 速效锌、 速效锰和速效铁含量从草丛中心到距草丛边缘100 cm变化的整体规律是先减小后增加;但距草丛边缘100 cm含量低于草丛中心。③土壤全钾含量、 pH值和速效铜含量从草丛中心到距草丛边缘100 cm变化规律为:全钾含量在各土层变化各异;pH值变化0~10 cm和10~20 cm土层升高,20~30 cm土层则降低;速效铜含量0~10 cm和10~20 cm土层持续下降,20~30 cm土层先减小后增加,并在距草丛边缘40 cm含量最低。总体而言,芨芨草草丛肥岛的各种土壤养分变化规律不是完全一致的。

关键词: 芨芨草草丛, 肥岛, 土壤养分

Abstract:

The Achnatherum splendens tussock fertile island was studied in Qilian Mountains. The results showed that: 1) The soil nutrient in the crown width of Achnatherum splendens tussock was more than that in the tussock gap. 2) A common variation pattern was found that the some soil nutrient contents, including organic matter, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, available nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium, available zinc, available manganese and available iron, decreased firstly and then increased along with the distance from the centre of tussock to the edge of tussock. 3) Other soil indices showed their own variation pattern: Total potassium content varied in different soil layers; pH value increased within 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm layers, and decreased within 20-30cm layer. Available copper content continuously decreased within 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm layers, and firstly decreased and then increased in 20-30 cm. Generally, the variation pattern of soil nutrient in Achnatherum splendens tussock varied in terms of different nutrients or properties.

Key words: soil nutrient, Achnatherum splendens tussock, fertile island

中图分类号: 

  • S154.4