自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (10): 1666-1676.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.10.005

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

流域生态补偿标准的确定——以渭干河流域为例

乔旭宁1,2, 杨永菊1, 杨德刚2, 李成林3   

  1. 1. 河南理工大学 测绘与国土信息工程学院, 河南 焦作 454003;
    2. 中国科学院 新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830011;
    3. 河南省科学院 地理研究所, 郑州 450052
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-08 修回日期:2012-04-14 出版日期:2012-10-20 发布日期:2012-10-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40901296);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(11YJC790139);河南理工大学青年骨干教师计划和河南理工大学青年基金(Q2010-59)。

Standards of Payments for Ecosystem Services in Watershed: TakingWeigan River Basin as an Example

QIAO Xu-ning1,2, YANG Yong-ju1, YANG De-gang2, LI Cheng-lin3   

  1. 1. School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China;
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
    3. lnstitute of Geography, Henan Academy of Sciences, Zhengzhou 450052, China
  • Received:2011-09-08 Revised:2012-04-14 Online:2012-10-20 Published:2012-10-20

摘要: 生态补偿标准的确定是流域生态补偿机制构建的关键问题之一。文章构建了流域生态补偿标准的测算内容与流程,并以渭干河流域为例,计算了流域上下游生态损益、 居民支付意愿和综合成本,分别作为补偿的最高、 最低和参考标准。结果表明:2007年上游应获得的最高补偿标准为24.83×108元,最低标准为2 443.46×104元,参考标准为6.7×108元。下游各县作为受益者,应支付的补偿额为:库车为818.51×104~28 096.3×104元,补偿参考标准19 927.61×104元;沙雅466.7×104~64 179.1×104元,补偿参考标准17 204.17×104元;新和341.17×104~155 988.7×104元,补偿参考标准为29 998.71×104元。不同补偿标准对流域农牧民福祉产生较大影响,按照参考标准的8.67%进行补偿,就可使上游居民尤其是水源涵养区的农牧民收入水平可有较大程度的提高,达到流域的平均收入水平。在讨论部分对流域生态补偿标准测算中面临的难题进行了分析。

关键词: 生态补偿标准, 生态损益, 机会成本, 支付意愿, 渭干河流域

Abstract: Standard of payments for ecosystem services (PES) is one of the key issues to establish PES mechanism in watershed. The paper established research framework and calculation process of PES standard. Taking Weigan River Basin as a study area, by calculating ecological profit and loss, opportunity cost and willingness to pay, the maximum standard, minimum standard and reference standard of PES can be attained, which are 24.83?108 yuan, 0.24?108 yuan and 6.7?108 yuan. Based on the quality and quantity standards of water, cost-sharing model is built to compute the shares that counties of the lower reaches have to undertake. The results indicate that Kuche County has to pay 1.99?108 yuan, Shaya County 1.72?108 yuan, and Xinhe County 3.0?108 yuan. Standards of PES significantly affect welfares of farmers and herdsmen in watershed. The income of farmers and herdsmen in water conservation area will reach average level of basin, if they are compensated by 8.67% of reference standard of PES. In discussion, difficulties are analyzed during the calculation of PES standard in watershed.

Key words: standard of payments for ecosystem services, ecological profit and loss, opportunity cost, willingness to pay, Weigan River Basin

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2