自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (10): 1635-1644.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.10.002

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

海西区物流发展分析与“轴-辐”物流网络构建

陈进栋, 韦素琼, 陈松林, 陈嘉   

  1. 福建师范大学 地理科学学院, 福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-23 修回日期:2012-06-29 出版日期:2012-10-20 发布日期:2012-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 韦素琼(1965-),女,福建屏南人,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理、土地资源与规划等研究。E-mail:suqiongwei@126.com E-mail:suqiongwei@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社科研究规划基金项目(09YJA790044);教育部人文社科重点研究基地项目(10JJDZONGHE017);福建省自然科学基金(2012J01162)。

Analysis on the Logistics Development of Peripheral Cities on the Western Coast of Taiwan Strait and Construction of Hub-and-Spoke Logistic Network

CHEN Jin-dong, WEI Su-qiong, CHEN Song-lin, CHEN Jia   

  1. College of Geography Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2011-06-23 Revised:2012-06-29 Online:2012-10-20 Published:2012-10-20

摘要: 选取城市综合发展状况、 物流市场供需状况、 物流基础支撑条件3方面18个指标构建物流发展综合评价体系,用因子分析法计算城市物流综合竞争力,对结果进行聚类以确定各城市物流发展层次;对行政区进行网格划分,根据各等级铁路、 公路的限制速度并以国道速度为标准分别计算其收缩系数,用ArcGIS Workstation得出网格区域质心到城市的最短相对距离和城市间的最短相对距离,采用场强模型测算网格区域场强值,并对海西区城市间物流引力的大小进行度量。结果表明:衢州、 上饶、 鹰潭、 抚州、 赣州、 梅州处于海西区边缘地带,与沿海其他城市联系较弱,存在一个物流场强低值区;同时受到珠三角、 南昌、 杭州-绍兴为核心的强物流辐射区的影响,海西区物流系统的形成与发展受到限制。最后,论文提出建立以厦门、 福州、 温州为轴,泉州、 汕头为辐,其他设区市为支点,厦门、 福州、 温州、 泉州、 汕头连接线为干线通道的"轴-辐"物流网络。这一物流系统的形成关键在于轴心城市对衢州、 上饶、 鹰潭、 抚州、 赣州、 梅州等外围城市的拉拢。

关键词: 城市物流竞争力, 物流引力, "轴-辐"物流网络, 海西区

Abstract: This paper selected 18 indexes in the three aspects of the status of comprehensive urban development, the demand and supply of logistics market, the foundation support conditions of logistics to build the comprehensive evaluation index system of logistics development. The synthetic evaluation of urban logistics competitiveness was calculated by factor analysis; using cluster analysis, the results were analyzed to determine the development level of logistics of every city; the administrative regions were divided into meshes by grid-partition method. The contraction coefficients were calculated respectively according to the speed limit of railways and roads of all levels, and the national road speed was taken as a standard. ArcGIS Workstation was applied to obtain the shortest relative distance between grid regional center and city, and the shortest relative distance among cities. Field intensity model was applied to calculate the field intensity of grid areas, and the value of logistics gravity among cities on the Western Coast of Taiwan Strait was measured. The result indicated that: the development level of logistics in Quzhou, Shangrao, Yingtan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou and Meizhou was low, and they were at the edge of the Western Coast of Taiwan Strait, which resulted in weak tie with other cities, so these cities were in the area with low field intensity, meanwhile they were cut off by the strong radial area of logistics which took the Pearl River Delta, Nanchang and Hangzhou-Shaoxing as core, so the formation and development of the logistics system of the Western Coast of Taiwan Strait were limited. Finally, establishing a hub-and-spoke logistic network was proposed in this paper. This network takes Xiamen, Fuzhou and Wenzhou as axis, other prefecture cities as fulcrum, the connecting line of Xiamen, Fuzhou, Wenzhou, Quanzhou and Shantou as main route. The attraction from axis cities to peripheral cities such as Quzhou, Shangrao, Yingtan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou and Meizhou is the key to develop this network.

Key words: synthetic evaluation of urban logistics, the gravity of logistics, the hub-and-spoke logistic network, the Western Coast of Taiwan Strait

中图分类号: 

  • F506