自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (10): 1623-1634.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.10.001

• 资源利用与管理 •    下一篇

我国区域矿产资源竞争力评价及与区域经济相关性研究

张宝友1,2, 肖文1, 朱卫平2   

  1. 1. 浙江大学 经济学院, 杭州 310027;
    2. 中国计量学院 经管学院, 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-14 修回日期:2012-02-10 出版日期:2012-10-20 发布日期:2012-10-20
  • 基金资助:
    核资源与环境教育部重点实验室开放基金课题(101103);国家社科重大项目(10ZD&003);江西省高校人文社会科学重点研究基地开放基金(12GL03);浙江省标准化与知识产权管理高校人文社科重点研究基地课题(SIPM2120)。

Evaluation of Competitiveness of Regional Mineral Resources and Correlation with Regional Economy

ZHANG Bao-you1,2, XIAO wen1, ZHU Wei-ping2   

  1. 1. College of Economics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;
    2. School of Management, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2011-09-14 Revised:2012-02-10 Online:2012-10-20 Published:2012-10-20

摘要: 矿产资源对一国的国民经济发展具有重要的战略意义。论文在分析已有文献资料的基础上,结合数据可获得性原则构建我国区域矿产资源竞争力评价指标体系,并详细阐述各指标的计量方法。然后,运用多指标输入/输出复杂系统的相对有效性评价方法——数据包络分析(DEA)法,并收集2000-2009年数据对我国区域(东部、 中部和西部)矿产资源竞争力进行评估,揭示其变化规律。最后,用我国区域2000-2009年的"矿产资源竞争力"和"人均GDP增长率"分别代表其矿产资源的丰裕程度和经济发展水平,结合协整检验和Granger因果分析法验证矿产的"资源诅咒"假说在我国区域间是否成立。研究结果显示:①随着时间的推移以及我国市场经济的发展,区域矿产资源竞争力在不断地提升。另外,我国三大区域的矿产资源竞争力与其所拥有的矿产资源储量成反比;②区域矿产资源竞争力与其经济发展水平呈长期稳定的均衡、 双向因果关系,得出矿产的"资源诅咒"假说不成立的结论。上述研究成果对于我国如何提升矿产资源竞争力及利用矿产资源发展区域经济具有极其重要的指导意义。

关键词: 区域矿产资源, 竞争力, DEA, 区域经济

Abstract: Firstly, based on the existing research literature, combined with the principle of data availability, this paper analyzes the built evaluation index system for China’s regional mineral resources competitiveness, and measurement methods of each index are described. Then, using multiple indicators of input/output relative efficiency of complex systems approach-Data envelopment analysis (DEA) method, China’s regional (eastern, central and western) mineral resources competitiveness is assessed, the variation principle is revealed. Finally, with the region’s "competitiveness of mineral resources" and "GDP per capita growth rate" representing respectively the abundance of mineral resources, and the extent and level of economic development, whether inter-regional mineral "resource curse" hypothesis could be set up is verified. The results showed: 1) with the elapse of time and the development of China’s market economy, regional mineral resources continue to enhance competitiveness. In addition, China’s three regional mineral resources competitiveness and their own reserves of mineral resources are inversely proportional; and 2) the competitiveness of regional mineral resources and its growing economic development have stable equilibrium, two-way causality relation, that is the derived mineral "resources curse "hypothesis does not hold the conclusions.

Key words: regional mineral resources, competitiveness, data envelopment analysis, regional economy

中图分类号: 

  • F407.1