自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (7): 1154-1163.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.07.007

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于选择实验法的耕地生态补偿额度测算

马爱慧1, 蔡银莺2, 张安录2   

  1. 1. 四川大学 公共管理学院, 成都 610064;
    2. 华中农业大学 土地管理学院, 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-21 修回日期:2011-12-05 出版日期:2012-07-20 发布日期:2012-07-20
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金西部项目(12XGL011);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(12YJC790136);四川大学中央高校基本科研业务费研究专项项目(skqy201231);国家自然科学基金(40901288);国家社会科学基金(09CJY021);国家自然科学基金(70773047)。

An Empirical Study of Cultivated Land Ecological Compensation Based on Choice Experiments Method

MA Ai-hui1, CAI Yin-ying2, ZHANG An-lu2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China;
    2. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2011-06-21 Revised:2011-12-05 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

摘要: 生态补偿机制是一种有效协调耕地保护与经济发展矛保盾的经济激励措施。其中,生态补偿额度的确定是补偿机制构建的核心和难点。论文以武汉市民的调查为实例,从利益相关者的视角应用选择实验法模拟和构建耕地生态补偿政策及其交易市场,测算出武汉市民对不同耕地保护属性水平的偏好及不同组合方案的福利水平价值变化差异,从而间接得出市民对耕地资源生态补偿的支付意愿及额度。研究结果表明:对保护耕地资源而言,市民更关注耕地周边景观与生态环境属性,并愿意为耕地周边景观与生态环境的改善每年支付154元;众多属性组合中,市民愿意支付的最佳组合为方案7,即耕地面积属性保持不变、耕地质量与肥力属性改善、耕地周边景观与生态环境属性改善的组合方案,其支付意愿为每年247元。不同组合方案的福利水平价值差异化,为耕地生态补偿机制建设中确定具有一定弹性的生态补偿标准提供了参考依据。

关键词: 耕地, 生态补偿, 选择实验法, 支付意愿

Abstract: In China, limited cultivated land bears great pressure with economic development, so the most severe protection policy for cultivated land in the world has been implemented by the Chinese government for many years, but the present command and control policy has subtle effects. Therefore, how to find a kind of effective measurement to protect the rare cultivated land resources in China is one of the key topics for both land resources protection and ecological environmental construction. The ecological compensation practice of many countries and regions has shown that eco-compensation mechanism is an effective means to solve the contradiction between cultivated land resources protection and economic development, and the accounting and determination of eco-compensation criteria are always the core issues, and also are the key and difficult point in ecological compensation mechanism. This paper takes the stakeholders of cultivated land ecological compensation-citizens’ survey as an example, and uses a new method to evaluate environmental quality, which is a choice experiment method to simulate cultivated land ecological compensation policy and its trading market, and to obtain willingness to pay and quotas of citizens about cultivated land resources protection. Then through a certain econometric model, it can measure citizens’ preferences about attribute of cultivated land protection, including cultivated land area, the quality of cultivated land, the surrounding landscape and ecological environment of cultivated land. This paper also measures welfare level difference value of policy scheme which is a combination of four attributes in cultivated land protection. Two results can be drawn from the study. Firstly, to protect cultivated land resources, citizens focus more on cultivated land ecological landscape surroundings than other properties, and they are willing to pay 154 yuan for improving cultivated land landscape and ecological environment surroundings every year. Secondly, in many attribute combinations, citizens are willing to pay 247 yuan per year for the best policy scheme. That is to say, citizens should pay 247 yuan per year for cultivated land eco-compensation. Different combinations of welfare level difference in value for the cultivated land can contribute to determine a flexible eco-compensation standard in construction of eco-compensation mechanism.

Key words: cultivated land, ecological compensation, choice experiment method, willingness to pay

中图分类号: 

  • X321