自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 964-974.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.06.008

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同量秸秆覆盖还田对土壤活性有机碳及碳库管理指数的影响

蔡太义1,2, 黄会娟1, 黄耀威3, 路文涛2, 贾志宽2, 杨宝平2   

  1. 1. 河南理工大学, 河南 焦作 454003;
    2. 西北农林科技大学 中国旱区节水农业研究院, 陕西 杨凌 712100;
    3. 河南省农业厅, 郑州 450008
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-20 修回日期:2011-11-02 出版日期:2012-06-20 发布日期:2012-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 贾志宽(1962- ),男,山西朔州人,教授,博士,主要从事旱地农业方面研究。E-mail:Zhikuan@tom.com E-mail:Zhikuan@tom.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家"十一五"科技支撑项目(2006BAD29B03);河南理工大学博士基金博士后基金。

Effects of Different Rates of Straw Mulching and Returning to Field on Soil Labile Organic Carbon and Carbon Pool Management Index

CAI Tai-yi1,2, HUANG Hui-juan1, HUANG Yao-wei3, LU Wen-tao2, JIA Zhi-kuan2, YANG Bao-ping2   

  1. 1. Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China;
    2. The Chinese Arid Area Research Institute of Water-saving Agriculture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    3. The Agriculture Department of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450008, China
  • Received:2011-07-20 Revised:2011-11-02 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2012-06-20

摘要: 为探明渭北旱塬不同秸秆覆盖量对春玉米田土壤活性有机碳(LOC)、 碳库管理指数(CMI)和作物产量的影响,于2007—2010年在陕西合阳县旱农试验站进行定位试验,以不覆盖为对照(CK),设置了3个水平秸秆覆盖量处理:4 500 kg/hm2(S1)、 9 000 kg/hm2(S2)和13 500 kg/hm2(S3)。结果表明,0~20 cm土层,与CK相比,S1、 S2和S3总有机碳(TOC)质量分数分别提高5.08%、 14.12%和28.03%(P<0.05);活性有机碳(LOC)分别显著提高19.20%、 44.02%和23.50%(P<0.05);碳库管理指数(CMI)分别显著提高20.94%、 46.86%和50.21%(P<0.05)。春玉米产量分别与LOC和CMI显著相关(P<0.05),而与TOC则无显著相关性。研究表明,LOC和CMI较TOC更能灵敏、 客观地反映渭北旱塬不同量秸秆覆盖还田对土壤碳库质量的影响,且秸秆覆盖量以9 000 kg/hm2为宜。

关键词: 土壤, 秸秆覆盖还田, 覆盖量, 活性有机碳, 碳库管理指数, 春玉米, 渭北旱塬

Abstract: A field experiment (2007-2010) was conducted at the Heyang Dryland Farming Experimental Station in Shaanxi Province of China to determine the effects of straw mulch rates on soil labile organic matter (LOC), carbon management index (CMI) and spring maize (Zea mays L.) yield. Maize straw at rates of 0 (CK), 4500 (S1), 9000 (S2) and 13500 kg/hm2(S3) was placed on field plots. The results indicated that soil organic carbon (TOC) content of S1, S2 and S3 treatments increased by 5.08%, 14.12% and 28.03%, respectively, compared with the CK at 0-20 cm soil layer; the LOC content increased by 19.20%, 44.02% and 23.50%, respectively; the CMI increased by 20.94%, 46.86% and 50.21%, respectively. Spring maize yield was found significantly (P<0.05) related to the LOC and CMI, while showed no significant correlations with the TOC. It was concluded that the LOC and CMI could reflect more rapidly and objectively the effects of different rates of straw mulch on soil carbon pool and maize yields more than TOC for the Weibei Dry Highland in China, besides, the treatment with 9000 kg/hm2 of straw mulch is preferable。

Key words: soils, straw mulching and returning to field, mulch rates, labile organic carbon, carbon pool management index, spring maize, Weibei Dry Highland

中图分类号: 

  • S158.3