自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 382-393.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.03.004

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

河网城市不透水面的河流生态系统响应:方法论框架

赵军, 单福征, 许云峰, 钱光人   

  1. 上海大学 环境科学与工程系, 上海 200444
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-16 修回日期:2011-11-15 出版日期:2012-03-20 发布日期:2012-03-20
  • 作者简介:赵军(1981- ),男,安徽巢湖人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为区域水资源与水环境演变、 城市生态水文。E-mail:junzhao@shu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41101550);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07106-001);教育部人文社科研究项目(09YJC840024);上海大学创新基金项目(2009)。

River Ecosystem Response of Impervious Surface in River Network City: A Framework of Methodology

ZHAO Jun, SHAN Fu-zheng, XU Yun-feng, QIAN Guang-ren   

  1. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2010-12-16 Revised:2011-11-15 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2012-03-20

摘要: 河网城市不透水面快速扩展,已成为影响河流生态系统健康的主要因素,理解掌握区域不透水面与河流生态系统之间的压力响应关系十分必要。以国外研究为重点,从不透水面的识别技术方法、 流域不透水面与河流生态系统状况之间的压力响应关系、 不透水面在流域土地利用规划调控和河流管理应用等三个方面,回顾了不透水面研究的主要进展,特别对不透水面影响河流生态系统的阈值效应进行了较细致梳理。从研究区域、 研究视角、 研究方法、 决策应用等四个方面,讨论了当前研究可能存在的问题。结合河网地区较为特殊的水文地貌特点,提出了河网城市开展相关研究的主要任务,认为必须解决的若干关键技术方法问题包括:不透水面实地调查方法及与有效不透水面转换、 汇水单元及其多尺度体系、 压力响应体系构建,以及数据分析技术方法等。最后以上海地区为案例,分析了河岸带尺度上的不透水面与河流生态系统之间的压力响应关系。这一研究体系框架试图为相关实证研究提供可实际操作的方法论参考。

关键词: 不透水面, 河流生态系统响应, 河网城市

Abstract: The rapid expanding of impervious surface in river network city has became a more and more important factor effecting the river ecosystem health, so understanding the pressure response relationship between the impervious surface and river ecosystem is of fully necessary. The international research history of impervious surface and its effect on river ecosystem has already past 40 years, and perfect theory and method system has already established, however, our current research is still at its initial stage. Focusing on overseas research, this paper reviews the main advances of impervious surface as the following three aspects: firstly the identification technical approach of impervious surface, then the pressure response relationship between river basin impervious surface and river ecosystem conditions, finally the application of impervious surface threshold in river basin land use planning regulation and river management, in particular a detailed analysis on the threshold effect of impervious surface is summarized in literature from 1960s. From four aspects including the research perspective, research methods, study area and decision-making applications, the current problems in the literature was diagnosed. Considering the special hydro-geomorphic characteristics of river network area, this paper puts forward the main task in river network city, propose methods to solve the key technical issues advanced by the authors, such as the field survey of impervious surface and how to transition it to effective impervious surface, the hydrological units and its multi-scale system, pressure response system, as well as the data analysis methods and so on. Finally, the typical river network city Shanghai was taken as a case, and at riparian scale the relationship between impervious surface and river ecosystem was detected, in which the result showed there was an obvious non-linear relationship. The framework in this paper would be expected to provide methodology references for forwarding empirical investigations.

Key words: impervious surface, river ecosystem response, river network city

中图分类号: 

  • X171.1