自然资源学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 353-363.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.03.001

• 资源利用与管理 •    下一篇

中国农田水利管理效率及其农户参与性机制研究——基于随机前沿面的实证分析

张宁1, 陆文聪2, 董宏纪3   

  1. 1. 杭州电子科技大学 管理学院, 杭州 310018;
    2. 浙江大学 管理学院, 杭州 310027;
    3. 浙江水利水电专科学校 机电系, 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-07 修回日期:2011-05-09 出版日期:2012-03-20 发布日期:2012-03-20
  • 作者简介:张宁(1972- ),女,新疆乌鲁木齐人,教授,博士,主要从事水资源管理、 工程评价研究。E-mail:zhedazhangning@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(70663010);教育部人文社科项目(10YJC790382);浙江省高校人文社科重点基地项目(RWSKZD01-2011ZB3)。

Management Efficiency and Participatory Mechanism of Farmland Water Conservancy in China: An Empirical Analysis Based on Stochastic Frontier Approach

ZHANG Ning1, LU Wen-cong2, DONG Hong-ji3   

  1. 1. School of Management, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China;
    2. School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310017, China;
    3. Department of Mechanics and Electircity, Zhejiang Water Conservancy and Hydropower College, Hangzhou 310058, China
  • Received:2011-01-07 Revised:2011-05-09 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2012-03-20

摘要: 为提高中国农业水资源管理效率, 实现灌溉水资源的合理配置, 农田水利管理是实现农业节水用水的必要手段。论文基于随机前沿生产函数对农田水利管理技术效率进行了评估, 运用线性非效率模型和Logistic模型分析了农户参与性机制对农田水利技术效率的影响。结果显示, 中国农田水利管理技术效率还有待于进一步提高, 在经济发展水平和自然地理特征不同地区, 实行不同的农户参与性机制, 农田水利技术效率会有较大差异。扩大农田水利非集体产权结构、 建立用水收费制度和提高农户参与式管理将有助于提高中国农业水资源利用效率。研究结果对建立不同地区符合实际情况的农户参与式管理模式, 促进中国农业水资源的可持续利用, 具有重要的实践意义和参考价值。

关键词: 农田水利, 管理效率, 随机前沿面(SFA), 参与性机制

Abstract: In order to improve the management efficiency of water resource in China, and realize a reasonable collocation of irrigated water resources, the farmland water conservancy management is an important means to achieve the agricultural water saving and using. The research is based on the stochastic frontier production function to evaluate the management technique efficiency of water conservancy, and select the linear inefficient regression and Logistic model to explain the participatory mechanism which influences more obviously water management efficiency. The result shows that the management efficiency of water conservancy in China has yet to be improved to a large extent. The level of water management efficiency differs in different economic and natural regions as well as different management modes adopted. Increasing non-collective property, establishing water fee system and improving farmer's participation could contribute to the improvement of the efficient use of agricultural water resources. The research results can help different regions construct a suitable farmer's participatory mode and promote continuous use of agricultural water in China, which all have a great practical significance and reference value.

Key words: farmland water conservancy, management efficiency, stochastic frontier approach (SFA), participatory mechanism

中图分类号: 

  • F303.1