自然资源学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 2012-2024.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.12.002

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国城市牺牲性、损耗性蔓延假说及其验证——以徐州市为例

李效顺1,2, 曲福田2, 张绍良1, 公云龙1   

  1. 1. 中国矿业大学 江苏省资源环境信息工程重点实验室,江苏 徐州 221116;
    2. 南京农业大学 中国土地问题研究中心,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-03 修回日期:2011-11-04 出版日期:2011-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-20
  • 作者简介:李效顺(1983- ),男,博士,中国自然资源学会会员(S00000509M),研究方向为资源经济与可持续发展。E-mail: lxsh@cumt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(71103182,40971074,70833001);中国博士后一等资助基金(2011M500098);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金、中国矿业大学高层次人才引进及青年教师启航计划项目(2011QNA01);江苏高校优势学科建设工程"测绘科学与技术学科"一期项目。

The Hypothesis and Verification of Urban Sacrificial and Wasted Sprawl —A Case Study in Xuzhou

LI Xiao-shun1,2, QU Fu-tian2, ZHANG Shao-liang1, GONG Yun-long1   

  1. 1. China University of Mining and Technology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Engineering, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    2. Nanjing Agricultural University, China Centre for Land Policy Research, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2011-08-03 Revised:2011-11-04 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2011-12-20

摘要: 论文针对当前中国城市蔓延这一牵动国家可持续发展和公众普遍关注的复杂问题,将其归结为突破"合理界线"、逼近"生存红线"、逾越"和谐主线"三大症结。以此"三条线"为研究切入点,从地价均衡视角,提出城市牺牲性、损耗性蔓延假说,并以徐州市为例加以实证。结果表明:其一,理论分析判断,与国外城市福利性和亏损性蔓延不同,我国城市蔓延区分为牺牲性和损耗性两类,同时存在理想、适度和极限三个边界;其二,测算结果显示,徐州市农地资源的综合价值为9.58×106元/hm2,其中市场价值为5.93×106元/hm2,另外38.07%的非市场价值(生态和社会价值之和)由于市场和制度不完善而很难显化;第三,实证分析检验,徐州市牺牲性蔓延规模为1.08×104 hm2,其中占用耕地为4.32×103 hm2,损耗性蔓延规模为2.83×103 hm2,其中占用耕地为8.81×102 hm2,从而验证了研究假说。基于研究结论,论文建议未来我国城市治理和土地政策应该做出两步调整:第一步,首先转变经济发展方式和政绩考核体系,通过适度边界调控并加大基本农田等关键资源保护考核权重,有效遏制政府失灵引起的城市损耗性蔓延;第二步,尽快完善土地市场机制,将农地资源外部成本内部化,并作为城市蔓延扩张治理决策创新的主要依据。

关键词: 城市蔓延, 研究假说, 实证检验, 徐州市

Abstract: Urban sprawl is a complex problem in national sustainable development and has aroused public concern. Three sticking points are identified as to break the "reasonable limits", approach to "survival red line" and surpass "harmonious theme". Put the "three lines" as the starting point and put forward sacrificial and wasted urban sprawl hypothesis from the perspective of land price equilibrium, this paper conducts an empirical analysis by taking Xuzhou city as an example. First, the results of the theoretical analysis showed that different from foreign countries' welfare-gain sprawl and welfare-loss sprawl, urban sprawl in China can be divided into two types of sacrificial and wasted sprawl, and there are also three boundaries, namely ideal-boundary, moderate-boundary and limit-boundary. Second, the evaluation results show that, the comprehensive value of agricultural resources is 9.58×106yuan/hm2, the market value is 5.93×106yuan/hm2, the non-market value (the sum of the ecological and social value) accounts for only 38.07%. Third, from the empirical analysis, the scale of sacrificial sprawl is 1.08×104 hm2, of which farmland occupation is 4.32×103 hm2. The scale of wasted sprawl is 2.83×103 hm2, of which farmland occupation is 8.81×102 hm2. Based on the research conclusions, this article suggests that a two-step adjustment in urban governance and land policy should be formulated in the future. The first step is to change economic development way and government performance appraisal system and effectively check wasted urban sprawl caused by government failure through adjusting moderate-boundary and strengthening basic farmland and other key resources protection. The second step is to improve land market mechanism as soon as possible and to turn agricultural land external cost into internal one. And they can be taken as main basis for decision-making in urban sprawl governance.

Key words: urban sprawl, hypothesis study, empirical test, Xuzhou

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1