自然资源学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 847-857.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.05.012

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于SPI的西北地区气候干湿变化

翟禄新1,2,3, 冯起2,4   

  1. 1. 广西师范大学 环境与资源学院,广西 桂林 541004;
    2. 兰州大学 资源环境学院,兰州 730000;
    3. 广西环境工程与保护评价重点实验室,广西 桂林 54100;
    4. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-10 修回日期:2010-12-20 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 作者简介:翟禄新(1970- ),男,甘肃礼县人,博士,主要从事水文水资源方向的教学和研究工作。E-mail:zhailuxin6931@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目"荒漠绿洲水文-生态过程耦合试验研究"(40671010);广西教育厅科研项目(2010MS028);广西师范大学重点项目(2010ZD009);广西师范大学博士科研启动基金。

Dryness/Wetness Climate Variation Based on Standardized Precipitation Index in Northwest China

ZHAI Lu-xin1,2,3, FENG Qi2,4   

  1. 1. School of Environment and Resources, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China;
    2. College of Earth and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Engineering, Protection and Assessment, Guilin 54100;
    4. Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2010-02-10 Revised:2010-12-20 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 干旱是西北地区乃至全国主要的自然灾害之一。论文应用标准化降水指数(SPI)对西北地区近50 a来不同时段的特旱和重旱发生频次及其空间分布进行了计算分析,结果表明:标准化降水指数(SPI)作为一种干旱重建指标,适用于西北地区,也可以作为气候变化的监测指标;降水量的西增东减趋势与干旱频次的西部和东北减少、东南增加相对应,亦即气候变化在某种程度上缓解了新疆北部和青海西部的干旱,但加重了甘肃东南部和陕西中南部的干旱;与气候变化相对应,全西北地区干旱频次有总体下降的趋势,尽管干旱发生的地域持续在改变。

关键词: 气候变化, 干旱, 标准化降水指数(SPI), 西北地区

Abstract: Drought is one of the main natural disasters in Northwest China, even in the whole country. In this article, the standardized precipitation index (SPI) was applied to reconstruct the drought at the different time scales in recent 50 years in Northwest China. Then the frequency and the spatial distribution were calculated and analyzed for the severely dryness and extremely dryness. The results show that SPI used as a drought reconstruction index, is suitable in Northwest China, and may also be taken as the monitor index of the climate change. The trend of increase of the precipitation in western part and decrease in eastern part is corresponding to the trend of drought frequency, which is upward in southeastern part and downward in northwestern part of Northwest China. That is to say, the climatic change alleviated drought in northern Xinjiang and western Qinghai, but aggravated drought in southeastern part of Gansu and southern and central Shaanxi. Corresponding with the climatic change, the drought frequency of the entire Northwest China has an overall trend of downward, although the drought region continues to change.

Key words: climate change, drought, standardized precipitation index (SPI), Northwest China

中图分类号: 

  • P467