自然资源学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 119-127.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.01.012

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

退耕对土壤团聚体稳定性及有机碳分布的影响

郑子成, 王永东, 李廷轩, 杨玉梅   

  1. 四川农业大学 资源环境学院, 四川 雅安 625014
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-07 修回日期:2010-08-28 出版日期:2011-01-30 发布日期:2011-01-30
  • 通讯作者: 李廷轩(1966- ),男,四川宣汉人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究植物营养与土壤生态。 E-mail:zichengzheng@yahoo.com.cn
  • 作者简介:郑子成(1976- ),男,内蒙古乌盟人,副教授,博士,主要研究土壤生态与水土保持。E-mail: zichengzheng@yahoo.com.cn。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40901138);国家科技支撑计划子课题(2008BAD98B03);四川省科技厅应用基础项目(2008JY0022)。

Effect of Abandoned Cropland on Stability and Distributions of Organic Carbon in Soil Aggregates

ZHENG Zi-cheng, WANG Yong-dong, LI Ting-xuan, YANG Yu-mei   

  1. College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agriculture University, Ya’an 625014, China
  • Received:2010-05-07 Revised:2010-08-28 Online:2011-01-30 Published:2011-01-30

摘要: 采用野外调查与室内分析相结合的方法,就退耕对土壤团聚体的稳定性及其有机碳分布的影响进行了研究。结果表明:①干筛处理下各种退耕方式土壤团聚体均以>5 mm粒径为主,总体随粒径的减小呈先降低后增加再降低的趋势;湿筛处理下土壤团聚体以<0.25 mm粒径为主,总体随粒径的减小呈先降低后增加的趋势。②干筛处理下,不同退耕方式的团聚体平均重量直径和平均几何直径在0~20 cm土层表现为:退耕还林>退耕撂荒>退耕还茶,在20~40 cm土层却表现为相反的变化特征;湿筛处理下,不同退耕方式的团聚体平均重量直径和平均几何直径在0~20 cm土层表现为:退耕还林>退耕还茶>退耕撂荒,在20~40 cm土层却表现为:退耕还茶>退耕还林>退耕撂荒。③3种退耕方式0~20 cm土层各个粒径团聚体有机碳含量基本高于20~40 cm,且随着土壤粒径的减小,土壤团聚体中有机碳含量总体呈逐渐减低的变化趋势;0~20 cm土层,退耕还茶地土壤团聚体中有机碳含量最高,20~40 cm土层,退耕撂荒地土壤团聚体中有机碳含量最高。

关键词: 土壤团聚体, 有机碳, 退耕地

Abstract: Soil can be source or sink of atmospheric C depending on land use,cropping system and management practices. Soil aggregate,which has significant influence on soil physical and chemical properties,is an important process of C sequestration. The distribution and stability of soil aggregates are important indicators of soil physical quality,reflecting the impact of land use and soil management on aggregation or degradation. Although soil organic carbon content in aggregates was mainly controlled by land use and soil management,abandoned cropland is considered to be an important factor affecting soil organic content in cropland. In this study,the stability and organic carbon of soil aggregates were studied under different abandoned cropland modes by the method of field investigation and laboratory analysis. The results showed that: 1) Under the condition of dry sieve,soil aggregates were dominated by >5 mm particle size and the changes of soil aggregates were from decreasing to increasing and decreasing again with the decreasing of particle size for all the abandoned cropland modes. Under the condition of wet sieve,soil aggregates were dominated by <0.25 mm particle size and the changes of soil aggregates were from decreasing to increasing with the decreasing of particle size for all the abandoned cropland modes. The contents of dry and wet sieve aggregates had the great difference under different soil layers for all the abandoned cropland modes,and the difference was more obvious under the condition of wet sieve. 2) Under the condition of dry sieve,the average weighted diameter and the geometric mean diameters of soil aggregates were the highest for the conversion of farmland to Eucalyptus plantation and were the lowest for the conversion of farmland to tea plantations in the surface (0-20 cm) layer,and the results were opponent in the subsurface (20-40 cm) layer. Under the condition of wet sieve,the average weighted diameter and the geometric mean diameters of soil aggregates were the highest for the conversion of farmland to eucalyptus plantation and were the lowest for the abandoned farmland in the surface (0-20 cm) layer,and the average weighted diameter and the geometric mean diameters of soil aggregates were the highest conversion of farmland to tea plantations in the subsurface (20-40 cm) layer. 3) The organic carbon contents of different particle sizes in the surface (0-20 cm) layer were higher than those of the subsurface (20-40 cm) layer,and the organic carbon content reduced gradually with the decreasing particle size for all the abandoned cropland modes. The organic carbon contents of soil aggregates were the highest for the conversion of farmland to eucalyptus plantation in the surface (0-20 cm) layer and the highest for the abandoned farmland in the subsurface (20-40 cm) layer.

Key words: soil aggregate, organic carbon, abandoned cropland

中图分类号: 

  • S152.4