自然资源学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 110-118.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.01.011

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

引汉济渭调水工程水资源配置研究

畅建霞, 姜瑾   

  1. 西安理工大学 水利水电学院, 西安 710048
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-16 修回日期:2010-08-23 出版日期:2011-01-30 发布日期:2011-01-30
  • 作者简介:畅建霞(1974- ),女,山西祁县人,教授,博士,中国自然资源学会水资源专业委员会委员,主要从事水资源系统工程的研究。E-mail: chxiang@xaut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(50709027);教育部重点研究项目(209125);国家科技重大专项课题(2009ZX 07212-002-003-004)。

Water Dispatch of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project in Shaanxi Province

CHANG Jian-xia, JIANG Jin   

  1. Institute of Water Resources and Hydroelectric Power, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
  • Received:2010-04-16 Revised:2010-08-23 Online:2011-01-30 Published:2011-01-30

摘要: 为解决关中地区水资源短缺问题,陕西省规划实施南水北调引汉济渭调水工程。在分析调水工程受水区用户、供水系统的基础上,构建了水资源配置网络图,并建立了该系统的水资源配置仿真模型,确定了配置原则。结合调水工程,设定了7种方案,通过长系列计算,得出了各方案的水资源利用情况。2020水平年,调水15.5×108 m3后可增加供水10.69×108 m3,占需水量的38.76%;调水15.5×108 m3与调水10.0×108 m3相比,工业供水保证率提高32.75%。计算结果表明,实施调水工程后可有效缓解受水区水资源短缺,调水量在保证城市用水、改善渭河河道生态环境方面发挥着主要作用。

关键词: 水资源配置模型, 陕西省南水北调, 调水效益

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of water resources shortage of Guanzhong area, the South-to-North water transfer project i.e. water diversion from the Hanjiang River to the Weihe River in Shaanxi Province has been planned. Based on analyzing the characteristics of users and water supply system in intake area, system network structure is established. The simulation operation model is established, and the objective is to satisfy the water demand of Guanzhong area, and operation rules are then determined. Combining the situation of water diversion project, seven water resources utilization schemes are calculated. In 2020, after diversion water 15.5×108 m3, 10.69×108 m3 more water can be supplied for intake area compared with no diversion project, which is 38.76% of the total water requirement. Industrial water supply reliablity is increased by 32.75% compared with diversion water 10.0×108 m3. The results indicate water shortage can be relieved effectively, and the diverted water plays a major role in improving ecological environment of the Weihe River.

Key words: water dispatch model, water transfer project in Shaanxi Province, water diversion benefit

中图分类号: 

  • TV211.1