自然资源学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 1918-1929.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.11.011

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于转移矩阵模型的江苏海滨湿地资源时空演变特征及驱动机制分析

郝敬锋, 刘红玉, 李玉凤, 胡和兵, 安静   

  1. 江苏省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室, 南京师范大学 地理科学学院, 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-01 修回日期:2010-07-09 出版日期:2010-11-20 发布日期:2010-11-20
  • 作者简介:郝敬锋(1984- ),男,江苏沛县人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市湿地生态系统及遥感/GIS应用研究。E-mail:haojingfeng365@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071119);江苏省普通高校自然科学研究资助项目(10KJA170029);江苏省研究生培养创新工程项目(CX10B_388Z);南京师范大学优秀博士研究生学位论文培育项目(2010bs0038)

Spatio-temporal Variation and Driving Forces of the Coastal Wetland Resources Based on the Transition Matrix in Jiangsu Province

HAO Jing-feng, LIU Hong-yu, LI Yu-feng, HU He-bing, AN Jing   

  1. Key Lab. of Environment Change and Ecology Construction, Jiangsu Province, College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2010-04-01 Revised:2010-07-09 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2010-11-20

摘要: 运用遥感和GIS技术及转移矩阵模型,对江苏省海滨湿地区域1987年、1997年及2007年3个时期图件进行信息提取。分别对两个时段该区域湿地资源演变趋势及其驱动机制进行定量分析,结果表明:①近30 a来,江苏海滨湿地资源演变趋势主要为自然湿地向人工湿地及非湿地转移,两个时段自然湿地面积分别减少11.57%和24.63%,整个研究期间人工湿地及非湿地分别增加了27.75%、6.92%;②影响江苏省海滨湿地资源演变的主要因素是人类活动及互花米草(Spartina alterniflora Loisel)的入侵,与1987年相比米草沼泽增加了71.94%。整体而言,社会经济因素是江苏省海滨湿地资源演变的主导因素。

关键词: 海滨湿地, 转移矩阵, 江苏省

Abstract: Jiangsu Province is one of the dominant areas with broad coastal wetland which accounts for 14.2% of the whole coastal wetland in China, and moreover the yearly growth of the shoals are the important potential resources of Jiangsu. Coastal wetland landscape maps of the year 1987, 1997 and 2007 were figured from the three related maps. This study mainly investigates the spatio-temporal variation and driving forces of the coastal wetland resources of Jiangsu Province during 1987 to 2007 based on the remote sensing and GIS techniques and the method of conversion matrix. The results indicate: 1) in the past 30 years (from 1987 to 2007) the trend of evolvement of the coastal wetland was that the natural wetland transferred into artificial wetland. The natural wetland area decreased by 247.37km2 and 465.64 km2 respectively in the two periods(from 1987 to 1997 and from 1997 to 2007), while during the whole study period the artificial wetland and non-wetland areas increased by 204.01 km2 and 261.56 km2 respectively. The decrease of the natural wetland is mainly due to the remarkable reduction of reed-swamp and Suaeda-swamp while the Spartina-swamp was increasing as an invasive species during the whole study period. By 1997, the area of Suaeda-swamp had decreased by 33.38%, and the area of it in the year 2007 was just 7.10% of that in 1987. In the first period reed-swamp decreased by 37.97% with an overall decrease of 47.12% by 2007. The increase of the artificial wetland was mainly from the fish pond culture and during the study period it increased by 14.25%. The variations of the non-wetland were the increases in the cultivated land and residential land and the decrease of the forest land. 2) What influence the evolution of the coastal wetland resources of Jiangsu Province are the human activities and the invasive species. The factors of human activities are mainly about the national state policies, the expanding populations and the transfer of the industrial model. The expanding of the area of Spartina altemiflora was the vital natural driving force for the evolution of the coastal wetland resources of Jiangsu Province and the invasion of the Spartina altemiflora would restrain other ordinary species to survive. By 2007, the area of Spartina-swamp had increased by 71.94%, becoming a banding landscape in the coastal zone of Jiangsu Province.

Key words: coastal wetland, transition matrix, Jiangsu Province

中图分类号: 

  • P966