自然资源学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (10): 1676-1688.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.10.006

• 资源安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国西北地区东部沙尘暴区划研究

郑广芬1,3, 冯建民1, 赵光平1,2, 周勇1, 姚宗国1, 陈楠1, 丁永红1   

  1. 1. 宁夏气象防灾减灾重点实验室, 银川 75000;
    2. 中国气象局 兰州干旱气象研究所, 兰州 730020;
    3. 宁夏气候中心,银川 750002
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-11 修回日期:2010-06-01 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯建民(1960- ),男(汉族),甘肃平凉人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事气候变化研究工作。E-mail:fengjianminnx@163.com E-mail:ych_zgf@126.com;fengjianminnx@163.com
  • 作者简介:郑广芬(1965- ),女(汉族),河北献县人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事气候变化及短期气候预测研究。E-mail:ych_zgf@126.com;
    冯建民(1960- ),男(汉族),甘肃平凉人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事气候变化研究工作。E-mail:fengjianminnx@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    宁夏科技攻关项目"宁夏极端气候事件及气象灾害的变化研究(KGX-12-09-02)";国家自然基金项目(40575048)

Study on Sandstorm Climatic Regionalization in Eastern Part of Northwest China

ZHENG Guang-fen1,3, FENG Jian-min1, ZHAO Guang-ping1,2, ZHOU Yong1, YAO Zong-guo1, CHEN Nan1, DING Yong-hong1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster Preventing and Reducing in Ningxia, Yinchuan 75000;
    2. Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Lanzhou 730020, China;
    3. Ningxia Climate Center, Yinchuan 750002, China
  • Received:2010-02-11 Revised:2010-06-01 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-10-20

摘要: 利用西北地区东部98个气象站的沙尘暴日数、持续时间资料,采用经验正交分解(EOF、REOF)、滑动t检验、Mann-Kendall突变检验及小波变换,对其时空分布规律进行了诊断分析。结果表明:整个区域沙尘暴日数大致呈北多南少型分布;受大尺度气候异常的影响,全区一致的沙尘暴异常是该区域最主要的表现形式。西北地区东部沙尘暴日数空间异常可分为4个沙尘暴气候区:河西走廊—阿拉善区、鄂尔多斯—乌兰布和区、柴达木—茶卡寒旱区、陕甘宁黄土高原区。河西走廊—阿拉善区沙尘暴频次最高,陕甘宁黄土高原区频次最少;近40多年来西北地区东部沙尘暴日数呈减少的态势;沙尘暴日数在20世纪80年代中期到末期发生气候突变,突变起源于沙漠及相邻地区,并由外围沙漠区向中间地带传播。沙尘暴持续时间最长的不是高频区河西走廊—阿拉善区,而是鄂尔多斯—乌兰布和区,最短的也不在频次最低的陕甘宁黄土高原区,而在柴达木—茶卡寒旱区;沙尘暴高发的河西走廊—阿拉善区、鄂尔多斯—乌兰布和区,持续时间没有发生明显的突变,这两个区域20世纪80年代中期以后沙尘暴持续时间变率增大;90年代以后沙尘暴持续时间有增长的趋势。

关键词: 西北地区东部, 沙尘暴日数, 突变传播, 小波变换

Abstract: In this paper, we used data of the days and duration time of sandstorms and 98 weather stations of eastern part of Northwest China together with the methods such as EOF, REOF, t-test, Mann-Kendall and wavelet analysis to analyze the spatio-temporal distribution and evolution law and the cyclical characteristics of each climate area on the days and duration time of sandstorms. The result indicated: the sandstorm days were more in the north and less in the south of the eastern part of Northwest China. Being influenced by macro-scale weather system, the main manifestation of the sandstorm days was abnormal in the entire area, but there was regional difference. The sandstorm days in eastern part of Northwest China could be divided into four climate areas. They were Hexi Corridor-Alashan area, Ordos-Ulan Buh area, Qaidam-Chaka cold area and Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Loess Plateau area. The number of sandstorm days in eastern part of Northwest China was reducing in recent a 40 years. There was a 4-year cycle in all climate areas. The jump of sandstorm days took place in the mid to the late of 1980s. The source area of the jump of sandstorm days was in desert areas and their correlative areas, and the jump spread from these areas to the remaining areas. There were different distribution characteristics between duration time and sandstorm days . The longest (shortest) duration time of sandstorm was not in the areas where the sandstorm days were the most (least). The duration time has different change characteristic in different climate areas. The difference existed in the time of jump between duration time and sandstorm days. The jump of duration time of sandstorm did not take place in the Hexi Corridor-Alashan area and Ordos-Ulan Buh area where the sandstorm days were more. And the change rate of duration time of sandstorm increased after the mid 1980s. There was the tendency of the duration time of sandstorm changing longer after the 1990s.

Key words: eastern part of Northwest China, sandstorm days, spread of jump, wavelet analysis

中图分类号: 

  • P445+.4