自然资源学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (10): 1639-1648.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.10.002

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国城市地上地下土地权利的设立——以中关村西区为例

史平平1, 张军连1, 杨燕敏2   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学 资源与环境学院, 北京100193;
    2. 北京市土地学会, 北京 100013
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-20 修回日期:2010-04-26 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 作者简介:史平平(1981- ),女,河北邯郸人,博士,主要研究土地利用规划、城市地上地下空间利用。

The Establishment of the Aboveground and Underground Space Rights in China—A Case Study of the West Zone of Zhongguancun

SHI Ping-ping1, ZHANG Jun-lian1, YANG Yan-min2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China;
    2. Beijing Land Science Society, Beijing 100013, China
  • Received:2010-01-20 Revised:2010-04-26 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-10-20

摘要: 土地立体利用已经成为城市空间扩展的新模式,文章采用事先调查和理论研究相结合的方法,首先对国内土地立体利用的典型范例——中关村科技园西区地上地下空间的利用情况进行了描述和总结,之后对目前园区内的地上地下土地权利设立"无章可循"的现状进行了深入分析。从问题的表象入手,总结出环环相扣的原因,进一步说明产生问题的实质是我国地上地下权利设立制度中权利体系、权利的取得、地籍管理以及登记制度4个环节所存在的缺陷。最后,针对各环节中的缺陷提出了相应的政策建议,包括:创设区分建设用地使用权,建立城市地上地下土地权利体系;空间利用各环节增加权属分配工作;制定空间范围地籍测量标准;完善已有的登记制度,做好新旧规定的衔接。以上措施有利于促进我国地上地下土地权利制度的完善,加快对土地资源的高效利用。

关键词: 土地资源学, 地上地下土地权利, 土地立体利用, 中关村西区

Abstract: At present, three-dimensional land use has become a new model in city spatial expansion. Firstly, combining theory with practice,this paper describes the utilization of the aboveground and underground space in the West Zone of Zhongguancun, which is a classic example of three-dimensional land use in China. Then, it analyses the current situation occurred with the absence of relevant laws in establishing the aboveground and underground land rights in this zone. Starting with the representation, it gives the reasons of matter link by link and explains the crux of the matter is that the defects exiting in the system of establishing the aboveground and underground land rights in China, including rights system, obtainment of right, cadastral management and registration system. Finally, aiming at the defects proposed in this paper, it puts forward the corresponding policy proposals,including to create partitioned right to use construction land for completing the aboveground and underground land rights system, to add ownership allocation in all aspects of space utilization, to formulate cadastration standard in space scope, and to improve the existing registration system and connect the old and new regulations. The aim for figuring out those measures above-mentioned is to complete the system of the aboveground and underground land rights system and improve the level of land intensive utilization.

Key words: land resource science, aboveground and underground land rights, three-dimensional land use, the West Zone of Zhongguancun

中图分类号: 

  • D922.3