自然资源学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 1414-1423.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.09.001

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所70周年所庆专栏 •    下一篇

60年来的资源科学:从自然资源综合考察到资源科学综合研究

孙鸿烈, 成升魁, 封志明   

  1. 中国科学院地理 科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-23 出版日期:2010-09-20 发布日期:2010-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 封志明(1963- ),男,研究员,博士,河北平山人,主要从事资源地理与水土资源可持续利用研究。E-mail:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孙鸿烈(1932- ),男,中国科学院院士,河南濮阳人,长期从事资源环境与区域发展综合研究工作。

From Integrated Surveys of Natural Resources to Comprehensive Research of Resources Science over 60 years

SUN Hong-lie, CHENG Sheng-kui, FENG Zhi-ming   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-08-23 Online:2010-09-20 Published:2010-09-20

摘要: 走过60年,资源科学研究已从最初的自然资源综合考察发展成了一门综合性的资源科学学科体系。期间,国家先后编制了7次科技发展规划,尤以《1956—1967年科学技术发展远景规划》和《1978—1985年全国科学技术发展规划纲要》对资源科学的形成与发展影响最大。前者推动了中国自然资源综合考察事业的形成与发展,后者促进了中国资源科学考察事业的发展与壮大,进而推动了资源科学的形成与发展。60年来的中国资源科学可以初步划分为大规模的自然资源综合考察时期(1950—1960年代)、区域资源综合科学考察与资源科学研究时期(1970—1980年代)和资源科学学科体系的形成与发展时期(1990—2000年代)等三个阶段;2000年前后中国资源科技工作者先后完成的《中国自然资源丛书》、《中国资源科学百科全书》和《资源科学》等三项标志性成果的出版,为我国建立资源科学体系奠定了科学基础;2008年《资源科学技术名词》正式颁布,必将进一步促进中国资源科学的发展与完善。

关键词: 资源科学, 综合考察, 自然资源, 中国

Abstract: Over the past 60 years, Resources Science has been developed into a comprehensive disciplinary system from integrated surveys of natural resources from the very beginning. Within this period, seven national development plans in science and technology were drawn up successively, among which the Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development Plan (1956-1967) and the National Program Outline for Scientific and Technological Development (1978-1985) had a maximum impact on the making and burgeoning progress of Resources Science. Specifically, the former plan greatly pushed forward the undertaking of comprehensive investigation of natural resources coming into being, while the latter one promoted further achievements of the undertaking, also gave strong impetus to Resources Science to take shape. The trajectory of Resources Science over 60 years could be divided into three main research stages, namely, stage of massive surveys of natural resources (1950-1960s), stage of regional comprehensive scientific investigation and Resources Science research (1970-1980s), and stage of the formation and advancement of Chinese Resources Science disciplinary system (1990-2000s). Three publications of significant landmark that are Chinese Natural Resources Series, China Encyclopedia of Resources Science, and Resources Science coming out around 2000 laid solid foundation for the establishment of Chinese Resources Science disciplinary system. In 2008, the published Chinese Terms in Resource Science and Technology went a step further to boost the development and improvement of Resources Science disciplinary system.

Key words: Resources Science, integrated survey, natural resources, China

中图分类号: 

  • P96