自然资源学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (7): 1088-1096.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.07.004

• 资源安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

太湖流域水生态功能区土地利用变化的景观生态风险效应

高永年, 高俊峰, 许 妍   

  1. 中国科学院 南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-19 修回日期:2010-05-04 出版日期:2010-07-10 发布日期:2010-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 高俊峰(1967- ),男,研究员,博士。E-mail: gaojunf@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:gaojunf@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高永年(1977- ),男,安徽郎溪人,助研,博士,主要从事流域发展的水文水生态效应、流域生态水文遥感和GIS区域建模等方面的研究。E-mail: yngao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07101-014,2008ZX07526-007)。

Response of Landscape Ecological Risk to Land Use Change in Level I Aquatic Eco-functional Regions in Taihu Lake Watershed

GAO Yong-nian, GAO Jun-feng, XU Yan   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2010-01-19 Revised:2010-05-04 Online:2010-07-10 Published:2010-07-10

摘要: 以太湖流域及其一级水生态功能区为研究对象,以Landsat遥感影像解译获得的2005年和2008年土地利用分类图等为基础数据,基于土地利用类型比例变化、转移矩阵、GIS叠加分析、土地利用综合转换速率、景观生态风险指数和土地利用变化的景观生态风险效应系数等分析方法,综合分析了太湖流域及其不同一级水生态功能区的土地利用与景观格局及其变化特征,在计算相关中间参数的基础上,从景观尺度计算得到了太湖流域及其不同一级水生态功能区景观生态风险值,并在此基础上对太湖流域及其不同一级水生态功能区景观生态风险差异特征进行了比较分析,进而分析了各区景观生态风险与土地利用变化之间的效应关系,从而为流域不同水生态功能区差异化水生态保护决策提供依据。

关键词: 土地利用变化, 生态风险, 景观生态风险效应系数, 水生态功能区, 太湖流域

Abstract: In this study, the Taihu Lake Watershed and its level I aquatic eco-functional regions were selected as study areas, and the land use classification maps for 2005 and 2008, which were interpreted and obtained using Landsat remote sensing image, were used for further analysis. Change detection methods, e. g. transfer matrix, GIS overlay analysis, comprehensive coefficient of land use type change velocity, landscape ecological risk index and landscape ecological risk effect index of the land-use change, were selected to analyze the spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of land use and landscape as well as their transfer characteristics from 2005 to 2008 in the Taihu Lake Watershed and its level I aquatic eco-functional regions. The values of landscape ecological risk of the Taihu Lake Watershed and its level I aquatic eco-functional regions were calculated, and a comparison analysis of different characteristics of the landscape ecological risk between different level I aquatic eco-functional regions was carried out, and then the effect relationships between the landscape ecological risks and the land use changes was further analyzed. The results showed that the values of landscape ecological risk index in the eastern level I aquatic eco-functional region was bigger than that in the western level I aquatic eco-functional region both in 2005 and 2008. In 2008, compared to 2005, the value of landscape ecological risk index in the western level I aquatic eco-functional region increased by 6.49%, however, the value in eastern level I aquatic eco-functional region had a opposite change direction with a reduction of 2.57%. The comprehensive conversion rate of land use types in the eastern region was significantly 1.66 times faster than that in the western region. However, the landscape eco-risk index in the western region was -4.19 times that in the eastern region, and the response rate of landscape ecological risk to land use change in the western region was significantly higher than that in the eastern region. The reduction of landscape eco-risk index in the eastern region was mainly due to the reduction of area and patch number of lake, rural settlement, paddy field and urban landscape, and the increase of landscape eco-risk index in the western region was mainly due to the increase of area and patch number of lake, forest, urban land and rural residential landscape. Based on the above analysis, it provided a basis for the aquatic ecological protection decision-making of different aquatic eco-functional regions in Taihu Lake Watershed. And it should be focused on the land use change process and trend in the course of economic development in Taihu Lake Watershed, and the land use change direction should be properly controlled and adjusted in the region with a higher landscape eco-risk index. The management of the construction land except for the urban and rural settlements land, beaches, reservoir and pond land should be strengthened in the eastern region, and the management of the forest land, paddy field, urban land and rural residential land should be strengthened in the western region, and the appropriate-scaled land use should be introduced and the direction of land use should be kept from the high fragmentation and vulnerability, so as to reduce the landscape ecology risk and protect the landscape eco-functions in Taihu Lake Watershed.

Key words: land use change, ecological risk, landscape ecological risk effect coefficient, aquatic eco-functional region, Taihu Lake Watershed