自然资源学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 705-712.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.04.018

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东省从化温泉热矿水水化学与同位素特征

周海燕1, 周训1, 柳春晖1, 虞岚1, 李娟1, 梁永国2   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(北京) 水资源与环境学院,北京 100083;
    2. 广东省工程勘察院,广州 510080
  • 收稿日期:2007-01-13 修回日期:2007-12-17 出版日期:2008-07-28 发布日期:2008-07-28
  • 通讯作者: 周训(1963- ),男,广西人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事水文地质、环境地质方面的教学和研究工作。 E-mail:zhouxun@cugb.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:周海燕(1981- ),女,山东人,博士研究生,主要从事地下水科学与工程专业方面的研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40572147)。

Hydro-chemical and Isotopic Characteristics of Conghua Hot Mineral Springs in Guangdong

ZHOU Hai-yan1, ZHOU Xun1, LIU Chun-hui1, YU Lan1, LI Juan1, LIANG Yong-guo2   

  1. 1. School of Water Resources and Environment,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China;
    2. Institute of Engineering Investigation of Guangdong,Guangzhou 510080,China
  • Received:2007-01-13 Revised:2007-12-17 Online:2008-07-28 Published:2008-07-28

摘要: 从化温泉位于广东省从化市东北,地处广从断裂带北东段,泉点沿NW及NE向次级断裂出露,热水出露于燕山期花岗岩中。温泉为中低温、偏碱性的低矿化水。热水中的阳离子以K+、Na+、Ca2+为主,阴离子以HCO-3为主,属于HCO3-Na及HCO3-Na·Ca水。热水中偏硅酸、氟含量较高,同时含有锂、锶、钡、硼酸等微量组分及放射性组分镭、氡。由D和18O组分表明热水起源于大气降水。根据玉髓温标计算的热储温度为82.14~93.52℃。由镭-氡法测定热水年龄,可知热水在地下滞留时间较短,循环较快,如开采量不大且采用采停交替的方式,有助于热水的可持续利用。

关键词: 温泉, 水化学, 同位素, 镭-氡, 地下热水, 广东从化

Abstract: The Conghua hot springs are located in the northeast of Conghua,Guangdong,and lie in the northeastern part of the Guangzhou-Conghua faulted zone.The springs occur in the small NW and NE trending faults in the granite of Yanshan Period.The springs are of low TDS,low-to-moderate temperature and weak alkali.The thermal groundwater is predominated by K, Na and Ca in cations and HCO3 in anions and is of Na-HCO3 and Na·Ca-HCO3 types.The hot water has high concentrations of H2SiO3 and F,and is enriched in Li,Sr,Ba,HBO2,Ra and Rn.Isotopes of D and 18O indicate that the hot water is of meteoric origin.The temperature of the geothermal reservoir estimated with a SiO2 geothermometer ranges from 82.14 to 93.52℃.The residence time of the thermal groundwater estimated with Ra-Rn method is short,indicating a quick water circulation.The formation of the hot springs suggests that sustainable utilization of the hot water will be maintained if the total withdrawal rate is relatively small and an alternative pumping and non-pumping pattern is used.

Key words: hot spring, hydro-chemical and isotopic characteristics, Ra-Rn, thermal groundwater, Conghua,Guangdong

中图分类号: 

  • P342