自然资源学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 600-611.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.04.007

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

山区县域土地利用生态友好性评价原理、方法及实践

杨子生1,2, 刘彦随2, 贺一梅1, 陶文星1, 许婧婧1   

  1. 1. 云南财经大学 国土资源与持续发展研究所,昆明 650221;
    2. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2007-10-17 修回日期:2007-12-14 出版日期:2008-07-28 发布日期:2008-07-28
  • 作者简介:杨子生(1964- ),男(白族),云南大理人,教授,博士后,主要从事土地资源与土地利用、土地生态学、水土保持学等领域的研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40661010);云南省土地利用总体规划前期专题研究项目。

The Principles and Methods of Eco-friendliness Evaluation of Land Use in Mountainous Areas at County Level and Its Case Study

YANG Zi-sheng1,2, LIU Yan-sui2, HE Yi-mei1, TAO Wen-xing1, XU Jing-jing1   

  1. 1. Institute of Land & Resources and Sustainable Development, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2007-10-17 Revised:2007-12-14 Online:2008-07-28 Published:2008-07-28

摘要: 实施生态友好型土地利用战略应当是"环境友好型社会"建设的基本内容和最佳切入点之一。在探讨山区土地利用生态友好性评价原理、指标体系和评价方法基础上,构建了山区土地利用生态友好性程度分级系统及定量的划分标准,以推进山区土地利用生态友好性评价的定性与定量相结合。以云南省为实例,以县级行政区为评价单元,对该省县域土地利用生态友好性程度进行了定量测算,评定了全省126个县的土地利用生态友好度等级。结果表明,云南省目前土地利用生态友好度(DEF)平均值只有48.01,属"不友好"级。全省约2/3的县目前在土地利用生态友好性上表现为"不友好"和"很不友好"级,其中1/5以上的县份表现为"很不友好"。尤其以滇东北中山山原区生态友好性程度为最低,各县生态友好度(DEF)值均低于40,均属"很不友好"级;滇东南喀斯特中低山区的生态友好性程度亦较低。

关键词: 土地利用, 生态友好性, 评价方法, 山区, 县域, 生态友好度, 云南省

Abstract: Developing the strategy and pattern of eco-friendly land use is a key content and one of the best starting points to realize the proposed environmentally-friendly society. This research established the principles, indicator system and methodology of eco-friendliness evaluation of mountainous land use, and built up a grading system and quantitative classifying criteria for the degree of eco-friendliness of mountainous land use, so as to promote the combination of qualitative and quantitative evaluation of eco-friendliness of mountainous land use."Eco-friendly mountainous land use" can be defined to be mountainous land development and use in an eco-friendly manner to maintain ecological, economic and social sustainability of mountainous land use.The ecological friendliness of land use can be graded into five degrees: highly friendly, moderately friendly, lowly friendly, unfriendly and very unfriendly. Taking Yunnan Province as an example, this research conducted quantitative measurement of the eco-friendliness degree of land use at county level in the province, and graded the eco-friendliness degrees of land use in 126 counties in Yunnan. This research showed that the average value of eco-friendliness degree (DEF) in Yunnan at present is merely 48.1, being "ecologically unfriendly". Some two thirds of the counties in Yunnan have now practiced ecologically unfriendly or very ecologically unfriendly land use. Of them more than one fifth of the counties carried on very ecologically unfriendly land use, with northeast Yunnan’s mid-mountain areas having the lowest degree of ecological friendliness, which is below 40 on average, and southeast Yunnan’s karst low and middle-mountain areas also having a very low degree of ecological friendliness.This research aims to regulate and improve existing land development and use patterns in mountainous areas based on the principle of ecological friendliness and in accordance with the requirements of modern ecological civilization, to realize the thorough change from being eco-unfriendly to being eco-friendly, and to achieve the best balance point and optimal relationship among productivity development, people’s well-being, and eco-environmental soundness on condition that people and nature coexist in harmony.

Key words: land use, eco-friendliness, evaluation method, mountainous areas, at county level, eco-friendliness degrees, Yunnan Province

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2