自然资源学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 15-24.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.01.003

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

陇中黄土丘陵地区农村生活能源消费的环境经济成本分析

李国柱1,2, 牛叔文1, 杨振1, 张馨1   

  1. 1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院,兰州 730000;
    2. 吉林师范大学 旅游与地理科学学院,吉林 四平 136000
  • 收稿日期:2007-03-06 修回日期:2007-09-11 出版日期:2008-02-01 发布日期:2008-02-01
  • 作者简介:李国柱(1975- ),男,汉族,吉林榆树人,博士研究生,主要从事区域可持续发展与生态经济方面的研究。

The Analysis on Environmental and Economic Cost of Rural Household Energy Consumption in Loess Hilly Region of Gansu Province

LI Guo-zhu1,2, NIU Shu-wen1, YANG Zhen1, ZHANG Xin1   

  1. 1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. College of Tourism and Geographical Sciences, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, China
  • Received:2007-03-06 Revised:2007-09-11 Online:2008-02-01 Published:2008-02-01

摘要: 陇中黄土丘陵地区经济贫困、环境脆弱、生活能源短缺,生物质过量消费成为生态环境退化的重要驱动因素。论文通过问卷调查获取相关数据,并建立计量模型,基于替代性分析估算了不同用能结构情景下的环境经济成本。结果表明,现状户均生活能源消费2 112.44kgce/a,人均428.59kgce/a,用能水平较低。目前农户消费能源选择的主要依据是能源的现金支出和可获得性。与农户现状用能结构相比较,4种替代结构的能源消费总成本、环境成本、经济成本及现金支出差异较大。利用沼气和太阳能的结构各项成本低,应是今后农村能源建设的方向。

关键词: 农村生活能源, 能源消费, 替代性分析, 环境经济成本, 陇中黄土丘陵地区

Abstract: Due to poverty in economy, serious soil erosion and shortage of rural household energy in loess hilly region of Gansu Province, excessive consumption of biofuel becomes an important driving factor of eco-environmental of degeneration. Data on rural household energy use was obtained by questionnaires in this research, and based on substitutable analysis, environmental and economic costs under different energy consumption structures were estimated by the quantitative model. Results show that one family consumes 2112.44 kgce and per capita 428.59kgce per year at present, an indication of a lower level of energy consumption. The total energy consumption cost of per household is 1925.65yuan/a, in which the environmental cost is 621.13 yuan/a and the economic cost is 1304.52 yuan/a. Commercial energy has been used widely. The per household cash payment is 536.51yuan/a that is 8.69% of the household net income. The full use of solar energy and biogas can obviously decrease the above-mentioned cost of energy consumption. Cash payout and gettable capacity of energy are the main reasons for the rural households to choose energy categories. To compare with the actual structure of energy usage, there are obvious differences on the total cost, the environment cost, economic cost and cash payout for households among the four substitutable structures. Each item of cost is lower when biogas and solar energy are used, so this structure is the primary direction for the future development of rural energy.

Key words: rural household energy, energy consumption, substitutable analysis, environmental and economic cost, loess hilly region of Gansu Province

中图分类号: 

  • F407.2