自然资源学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 9-14.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.01.002

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

海岸带滨海盐土资源发展能源植物资源的研究

刘兆普, 隆小华, 刘玲, 赵耕毛   

  1. 南京农业大学 江苏省海洋生物学重点实验室,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2006-08-01 修回日期:2007-10-08 出版日期:2008-02-01 发布日期:2008-02-01
  • 作者简介:刘兆普(1947- ),男,江苏涟水人,教授,博导,主要从事海洋生物资源及海水农业研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家"十一五"支撑项目(2006BAD09A08-03-01和2006BAD09A04-05);国家863项目(2007AA091702)。

The Study of Bio-energy Plants Development from Non-tillage Resource of Coastal Mudflat

LIU Zhao-pu, LONG Xiao-hua, LIU Ling, ZHAO Geng-mao   

  1. Key Laboratory of Oceanology, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2006-08-01 Revised:2007-10-08 Online:2008-02-01 Published:2008-02-01

摘要: 文章根据我国生物质能源发展的现状,提出了充分利用我国沿海海涂非耕地资源发展能源植物的构想。收集了一些适于海涂粗放栽培的能源植物资源,系统地筛选了耐海水、高产出的糖基类能源植物菊芋与油脂类植物油葵的一些品种与品系,并分别在江苏大丰、山东莱州海涂进行了大田试验,菊芋糖年产量在16 160~12 102 kg/hm2之间,油葵油脂年产量在2 934 kg/hm2左右。同时对菊芋、油葵的综合利用也进行了有益的探索。

关键词: 海涂, 盐渍土资源, 能源植物资源

Abstract: According to the actuality of the development of bio-energy in China, the ideas of making full use of the non-tillage resource of coastal mudflat to develop bio-energy plants were pointed out in the paper. Some bio-energy plants that are suitable to be extensively cultivated in coastal mudflat were collected. A few seawater-tolerance and high-yield varieties of glucide bio-energy plants (Helianthus Tuberosus) and bio-oil plant (oleic sunflower) were sifted. At the same time, the field experiments were carried out in Dafeng of Jiangsu province and Laizhou of Shandong province. The sugar yields of H. Tuberosus were in the scope from 16160 kg/ha to 12102 kg/ha. The oil yield of oleic sunflower was about 2934 kg/ha. The colligate uses of H. Tuberosus and oleic sunflower were also disscussed conducively.

Key words: coastal mudflat, saline soil, bio-energy plant

中图分类号: 

  • S566.9