自然资源学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 545-556.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.04.005

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游环境影响研究进展与启示

巩劼, 陆林   

  1. 安徽师范大学生命科学学院重要生物资源保护与利用研究安徽省重点实验室, 安徽芜湖 241000
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-13 修回日期:2007-03-26 出版日期:2007-08-25 发布日期:2007-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 陆林(1962-),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理与旅游生态方面教学与 科研工作。E-mail:llin@263.net E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 作者简介:巩劼(1965-),女,安徽泗县人,副编审,博士研究生,研究方向为旅游生态。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40471035);国家社会科学基金(03BJY084).

Development of Research on Environmental Impacts of Tourism and Its Implication

GONG Jie, LU Lin   

  1. The Provincial Key Laboratory of Conservation and Exploitation of Biological Resources in Anhui, College of Life Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2006-09-13 Revised:2007-03-26 Online:2007-08-25 Published:2007-08-25

摘要: 旅游环境影响是旅游环境和旅游影响研究中的重要内容,可为旅游区环境资源保护与管理提供基本依据,对生态旅游及可持续旅游的发展具有重要意义。为探讨旅游环境影响研究中存在的问题及发展方向,在参阅大量研究文献的基础上,从研究进程、研究内容、研究方法和研究结果等方面论述了国外旅游环境影响研究进展,对国内旅游环境影响研究按时间进展进行了评述。从旅游环境影响发展及研究现状来看,丰富和深化研究内容、扩展研究尺度、改进研究方法与技术,加强应用性研究等将是未来一定时期内旅游环境影响研究的主题;国内旅游环境影响研究应在借鉴国外先进研究方法与研究成果的基础上,结合国内实际,扩展研究领域,改进研究方法、加强实证研究和管理应用研究。

关键词: 旅游影响, 环境管理, 旅游环境, 环境影响

Abstract: Research on environmental impacts of tourism is one of the most important themes in the area of tourism environment and tourism impact.It can provide a guide for the protection and management of resources in tourist resort and play an important role in the development of ecotourism and sustainable tourism.In order to discuss current issues and future direction,this paper summarizes the research abroad on the environmental impacts of tourism from four aspects:research development,research themes,research methods and research results;and then gives a review of research at home in the developmental sequence.According to current state of environmental impacts and research,the future foci will be studying more impact types,expanding the scales of research, enhancing background research,and improving research methods.Research in China can be carried out by virtue of advanced methods and research findings from other countries.Meanwhile,the facts and figures in China should be considered.It is more significant for us to enlarge research areas,improve research methods,and strengthen case studies and research on management and application.

Key words: tourism environment, environment impacts, tourism impacts, environment management

中图分类号: 

  • X820