自然资源学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 409-414.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.03.010

• 研究方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS和差异信息测度的海河流域水文气象要素时空变异性分析

夏军 欧春平 G.H.HUANG 王中根   

  1. ( 1.陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101; 2.中国科学院研究生院,
    北京100049; 3.Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, Sask., S4S OA2, Canada)
  • 收稿日期:2007-02-03 修回日期:2007-03-03 出版日期:2007-05-15 发布日期:2007-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 夏军( 1954- ) ,男,湖北孝感人,研究员,博士,主要从事系统水文与水资源研究。
  • 作者简介:夏军( 1954- ) ,男,湖北孝感人,研究员,博士,主要从事系统水文与水资源研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40671035); 国家科技部国际合作项目( 2006DFA21890) 。

The Analysis of Haihe River Basin Hydrometeorological Spatio-tempor al Var iability Based on GIS and Information Differ ence Measur e

XIA Jun1, OU Chun-ping1, 2, G. H. HUANG3, WANG Zhong-gen1   

  1. ( 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3.Faculty of Engineering,
    University of Regina, Regina, Sask., S4S OA2, Canada)
  • Received:2007-02-03 Revised:2007-03-03 Online:2007-05-15 Published:2007-05-15

摘要: 为深入理解海河流域水资源剧减的影响原因, 进行水文气象要素的时空变异分析是十分重 要和必要的。传统的时间序列变异方法主要是用变异系数法, 论文结合信息熵理论提出一种基于差 异信息测度与GIS 技术的时空变异分析方法, 并成功应用于海河流域的31 个测站的1960—2001 年降水、蒸发和气温的分析, 结果直观地表达海河流域降水、蒸发和气温等水文气象要素的时空变 异规律, 为进一步深入理解海河流域的水循环变化规律打下坚实基础。通过初步分析得出海河流域 降水和蒸发时空变异相对较大、气温时空变异相对较小的结论。

关键词: 时空变异, 差异信息测度, GIS, 信息熵, 水文气象, 海河流域, 变异系数

Abstract: The spatio-temporal variability analysis of hydrometeorological factors are crucial for further understanding hydrological process and hydrological /meteorological modelling.Traditional temporal variability was quantitatively described using Coefficient of Variation based on statistics.In this paper, we combined information entropy theory with GIS spatial analysis technology to analyze the spatio-temporal variability of annual precipitation, evaporation and air temperature.A new spatio-temporal variability analysis method which is based on the differential information entropy relatively estimates is also presented.This study was conducted using 31 gauge stations precipitation, evaporation and air temperature data of Haihe river basin during the period from 1960 to 2001.The results intuitionisticly expressed the hydrologic and meteorological spatio-temporal variability rule of Haihe river basin, which lays solid foundation for further understanding the changes of water cycle of the study area.It is concluded that the spatiotemporal variability of precipitation and evaporation of the Haihe River Basin is relatively great and the spatio-temporal variability of temperature is relative small.

Key words: spatio-temporal variability, differential information entropy relative measure, GIS,
information entropy,
hydrometeorology, Haihe river basin, coefficient of variation

中图分类号: 

  • P339