• 资源利用与管理 •

### 农户层面土地利用变化研究综述

1. ( 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京210093)
• 收稿日期:2007-02-03 修回日期:2007-03-03 出版日期:2007-05-15 发布日期:2007-05-15
• 通讯作者: 钟太洋 E-mail:E-mail: hxj369@nju.edu.cn
• 作者简介:钟太洋(1976- ), 男, 江西于都人, 讲师, 博士研究生, 主要从事自然资源与环境经济、区域土地利用变 化等方面的研究。
• 基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(70373029,40101007); 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET- 05- 0451); 江苏
省社会科学基金(06EYB004)。

### Review on the Resear ches of Land Use Change at Farm Household Level

ZHONG Tai-yang, HUANG Xian-jin

1. ( School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China)
• Received:2007-02-03 Revised:2007-03-03 Online:2007-05-15 Published:2007-05-15

Abstract: This paper gives a comprehensive description of the researches of land use change at farm household level from the four aspects of investigation respect,research content,study method and data collecting means, and summarizes the features of the researches on land use change at farm household level.The main features are: ( 1)Most of the researches give notices on the land use change of hot regions, particularly on the tropical-forest area. ( 2) Lots of the researches attribute the land use changes on the pressure of subsistence to the population growth and the agriculture expansion which is also related with the population growth. ( 3) The attention of researches is being converted from land use type change to both land use conversion and land use intensity change. ( 4)More and more methods are applied by the researches of land use change at farm household level and integrated methods are appreciated by more and more studies. ( 5) The impacts of the decision-making behaviors of land users or managers on land use change are emphasized by most researches. ( 6) The social survey using questionnaires becomes a main toolof data collecting,but more and more investigations combine the social survey using questionnaires and the techniques of “3S” to get the data on land use change and its driving forces at farm household level, and devote to connecting the social survey data and the remote sensing data. Although much progress has been made in theory and practice of land use change research at farm household level, and some important results have been obtained, there still have certain problems in previous researches.These problems go as follows:the results of land use change study at farm household level can not be easily applied to other microeconomic agents, the results in one region should be much carefully applied to any other regions, the relation and interaction between different hierarchical data have been neglected, the acquiring cost of data which contains economic data and its corresponding space information is still an obstacle for the land use change research at agricultural household level, and the relation between spacial characteristics of farm household’s behaviors and the land use change’s spatial distribution has not been adequately emphasized.Furthermore, some suggestions of further studies on land use change at agricultural household level are put forward in this paper.These suggestions include applying multiple-level research angle, using game theory to analyze the land use change determined by the interaction of different agents, applying multilevel analysis in empirical study, emphasizing the impact of spacial characteristics of farm household’s behaviors on land use change and its spatial distribution, improving data acquisition means, building continuous survey system comp-rising of given farm households and so on.

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