自然资源学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 51-61.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.01.007

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

石家庄地区近70年来伴随经济发展的水文环境变化分析

沈彦俊1, 宋献方2, 肖捷颖3, 陈建耀4, 唐常源5,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源中心, 石家庄 050021;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    3. 日本千叶大学环境遥感研究中心, 日本千叶 263-8522;
    4. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广州 510275;
    5. 日本千叶大学园艺学部, 日本千叶 263-8522
  • 收稿日期:2006-02-15 修回日期:2006-07-20 出版日期:2007-02-25 发布日期:2007-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 宋献方(1965-),男,河北沙河人,博士,研究员、博士生导师。主要从事流域水循环与环境、环境同位 素水文学、水文地质等研究。E-mail:songxf@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:songxf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:沈彦俊(1971-),男,河北康保人,博士,研究员。主要从事陆面生态水文过程、遥感的水文学应用、人 类活动与水文环境变化以及水资源模拟方面的研究。E-mail:yj.shen@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    日本文部科学省基础科研课题(No.16651004);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程自然科学基金延伸支持领域前沿项目“华北山区典型流域水循环机理试验研究”(CX10G-A04-11);中国科学院创新工程项目(KXCX-SW-428)

An Integrated Analysis of Hydrological Changes in Shijiazhuang Region Due to Socio-economic Development in the Past 70 Years

SHEN Yan-jun1, SONG Xian-fang2, XIAO Jie-ying3, CHEN Jian-yao4, TANG Chang-yuan5,2   

  1. 1. Agricultural Resources Research Center, CAS, Shijiazhuang 050021, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Japan;
    4. School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    5. Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University, Japan
  • Received:2006-02-15 Revised:2006-07-20 Online:2007-02-25 Published:2007-02-25

摘要: 论文系统分析了石家庄地区70年来伴随社会经济发展的水资源开发历史,结合水文资料探讨了人类活动对区域水文环境变迁的影响。并通过对地下水采样,结合室内水化学和氚同位素测定,确认区域地下水补给来源主要是通过河道得到线状的垂向补给,和上游含水层的侧向补给两种天然途径。城市及工农业发展改变了区域水循环系统的补排结构。河流断流减少了地下水的垂向补给,造成地下水的补给源从原来的天然垂向补给和上游的侧向补给,变为单一的侧向补给。另一方面,大量开采地下水已成为区域地下水排泄的主要方式。其中用于农业灌溉的大部分以蒸发、蒸腾的形式耗散于大气,无法回补。地下水位的持续下降、地下水化学类型转变及其空间分布显示了水量和水质以及生态环境的变化。

关键词: 社会经济发展, 水文环境变化, 水资源开发利用, 区域水循环结构, 水化学

Abstract: Urbanization and associated economic development of China have experienced a speedy increase in last decades.Consequently,the local and surrounding areas of large cities in North China are facing to the problem of water scarcity.The current research investigates the development of water resources in Shijiazhuang area during the last 70 years and the associated change of hydrological cycle through historical data analysis,field survey,and groundwater quality and isotopic analysis.This investigation shows the local groundwater of Shijiazhuang mainly accepts vertical recharge through river channels and the lateral recharge from the aquifers in mountainous areas.Urbanization,industrialization,and development of agriculture have largely altered the natural hydrological cycle in the past 70 years,especially the recharge and discharge structure of groundwater system,which could be balanced and self-regulated formerly.Continuous dry-up of rivers in the study area cuts off the major vertical recharge source of groundwater.Meanwhile,the extensive exploitation of groundwater due to municipal,industrial,and agricultural use makes the urban area sifting to a groundwater discharge region from the formerly recharge region.Moreover,the chemical composition of groundwater and its spatial distribution illustrate the change of water quality and regional hydrological environments as well as the drop of groundwater table.

Key words: socio-economic development, hydrological change, water resources development, hydrological cycle, water chemistry

中图分类号: 

  • P331.3