自然资源学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 333-340.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2006.03.001

• 资源利用 •    下一篇

天津市洪沥水资源化存储研究

涂向阳1, 高学平1, 韩延成1, 郭青平2   

  1. 1. 天津大学建筑工程学院,天津300072;
    2. 天津市水利科学研究所,天津300221
  • 收稿日期:2005-10-09 修回日期:2005-12-12 出版日期:2006-06-25 发布日期:2006-06-25
  • 作者简介:涂向阳(1981),男,安徽临泉人,博士研究生。主要研究方向为洪水的资源化利用和优化调度。

Research on Flood Resource Utilization Storage in Tianjin

TU Xiang-yang1, GAO Xue-ping1, HAN Yan-cheng1, GUO Qing-ping2   

  1. 1. School of Civil Engineering,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China;
    2. Hydraulic Scientific Institute of Tianjin,Tianjin 300221,China
  • Received:2005-10-09 Revised:2005-12-12 Online:2006-06-25 Published:2006-06-25

摘要: 阐述了天津市水资源现状和20世纪以来湿地萎缩的趋势和成因,论述了该地区进行汛期洪水资源存储的必要性。基于ArcG IS开发了蓄滞洪区蓄洪过程的三维演示模块,实现对蓄水量和淹没面积实时计算。建立了考虑蓄滞洪区的淹没损失、防洪效益、供水效益和生态效益等指标的评价体系,引入模糊理论优选蓄水方案,为实施洪水资源化方案提供量化依据。基于N ewtonR-aphson方法和松弛算法建立一维河网非恒定流水动力学模型,构建了集河渠、闸门、分洪口门和蓄滞洪区于一体的水系联合调度系统。提出了天津市洪水资源存储总体实施思路,对于缓解当地水资源危机、改善水生态环境有积极意义。

关键词: 蓄滞洪区, 洪水资源化, 模糊优选, ArcGIS, 天津市, 非恒定流

Abstract: Tianjin is a big city deficient in water resource,whose most apparent hydrographic features are uneven distribution of annual rainfall and little scarce in non-rainy season.With the booming development of society and economy,the contradiction between water supply and water demand became more and more serious in Tianjin.The conventional flood management measure of leading the floodwater into the sea by non-hazardous principles result in great waste of floodwater resources.Therefore,it is of great theoretical and practical significance to the study of the floodwater resources utilization based on the integrated management strategies of combining engineering measures with non-engineering measures.The focus of this paper is to illustrate the necessity and integrated exploitation mode of flood resource utilization in Tianjin.The conclu-sion,based on the successful utilization of numeric simulation of flood resource impounding into detention basins of the north river network,suggests that flood management in Tianjin should move away from its customary emphasis on heavy engineering towards the softer,natural style of rivers and detention basins rehabilitation. The development trend and reasons for wetlands degradation in Tianjin since last century ware exposited according to the historical hydrographic data and present status of regional water resources,and then the necessity of implementing flood resource utilization storage was discussed.Making use of software of ArcGIS,a 3-D demonstration module for impounding treatment was programmed to meet the demand of real-time calculation on impoundage and impounded area of a detention basin.A comprehensive impounding evaluation system for the detention basins was established which consists of several indexes such as submersion damage,flood preventing benefit,water supply benefit and ecological benefit.Utilizing fuzzy optimizing theory the optimum storing water levels were calculated which contribute to the quantified reference for scheme selection of flood resource utilization.Based on Newton-Raphson interation method and relaxation algorithm,a one-dimensional unsteady channel system hydrodynamics flow model was presented.Coupling with rivers,draw-gates,flood diversion orifices and detention basins,a combined schedule system of hydrographic net was established by applying present water conservancy facilities.Finally,the general implementation strategy of flood resource utilization was discussed which have fundamental significance in releasing water resource crisis and improving water ecological environment in Tianjin.

Key words: detention basin, flood resource utilization, fuzzy optimize, ArcGIS, Tianjin, unsteady flow