自然资源学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (2): 311-318.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2006.02.021

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

西安地区城镇扩展及其生态环境效应研究

吴宏安1, 蒋建军1, 张海龙1, 张丽1, 解修平2, 周杰2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京210097;
    2. 中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室,西安710075
  • 收稿日期:2005-08-10 修回日期:2005-11-08 出版日期:2006-04-25 发布日期:2006-04-25
  • 作者简介:吴宏安(1981)男,安徽枞阳人,硕士研究生,主要从事遥感与GIS的有关研究工作。E-mail:wha_105@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    欧盟项目(ICA4-CT-2002-10004);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX3-SW-146)共同资助

Urban Expansion and Its Effects on Eco,environment in Xi'an Region Based on Landsat TM Data

WU Hongan1, JIANG Jianjun1, ZHANG Hailong1, ZHANG Li1, XIE Xiuping2, ZHOU Jie2   

  1. 1. The College of Geography Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210097,China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology,Institute of Earth Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xi'an 710075,China
  • Received:2005-08-10 Revised:2005-11-08 Online:2006-04-25 Published:2006-04-25

摘要: 论文以西安地区为研究区,基于1988年和2003年两期LandsatTM影像,采用监督分类法提取了该区15年间城镇扩展变化,并利用土地利用面积转移矩阵分析了城镇用地与其它土地利用类型转化的关系,此外,结合社会经济统计资料探讨了城镇扩展的生态环境效应。结果表明:①城镇面积1988年为59711.31hm2,而到了2003年为75043.53hm2,其增幅达25.68%;②城镇的新增面积主要是由耕地、未利用地、果园和水体转化而来;③城镇扩展的生态环境效应在该地区集中表现为水资源污染、城市“热岛效应”、地面沉降以及地裂缝等环境问题。

关键词: 城镇扩展, 生态环境效应, 监督分类法, LandsatTM, 西安

Abstract: In recent years,the research on Land Use/Cover Change(LUCC) and its effects on eco,environment has attracted more and more scientists to pay attention to it.However,the ecological effects induced by urban expansion were seldom covered.The objective of this paper is to reveal the urban expansion(1988~2003) in Xi'an region and the impacts it has on eco,environment by using Landsat TM satellite images. In this study,two TM images of the study area were used.After imagery pre,processing,which included atmospheric correction,geometric correction,and orthographic correction,super,vised classification was used to retrieve urban land use information,for it is the most common me,thod in obtaining land use/cover information.Then training samples were selected according to spectrum features,and the TM images of Xi'an region in 1988 and 2003 were classified into six land use types respectively,namely woodland,farmland,orchard,urban areas,water,body and uncultivated.Thus the urban expansion of Xi'an during the 15 years was acquired.Through the analysis of urban land use of Xi'an region in 1988 and 2003,it showed that during the 15 years,urban expansion in Xi'an was very quick.The urban area of Xi'an in 1988 was 59 711.31hm2,but in 2003 it reached 75 043.53hm2.With the help of transfer matrix of land use changes,the relationship between urban expansion and the other five land uses was also analyzed.This could tell us where the expansion came from.Finally,using related statistical data that we collected,the effects of urban expansion on eco,environment were analyzed. The main conclusions demonstrate that:(1)During the 15 years,the urban area of Xi'an region increased 25.68% from 1988 to 2003.(2)The urban expansion area was mainly converted from farmland,uncultivated land,orchard and water,body.A total of 23 718.60ha farmland was converted into urban area,which made the most important contribution to urban expansion.(3)The eco,environmental effects of urban expansion in the study area were not very optimistic.The pollution of water resources,Heat Island Effect and geological hazards were the three most obvious problems.Because of urban expansion and economic development,water pollution has induced water supply shortage in Xi'an region;with the continual increase of urban area which changed the ground feature,the annual mean temperature of Xi'an city has increased 1.9℃ from 1989 to 1999;and urban expansion also needed more water supplies,which resulted in overexploiting ground water that caused many geological problems like ground subsidence and split.

Key words: urban expansion, eco,environment, supervised classification, Landsat TM, Xi'an