自然资源学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (6): 900-908.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.06.014

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于化肥生产的硫资源流动规律研究

王利1, 张卫峰2, 马文奇3, 高祥照1,4, 张福锁2, 齐焉55   

  1. 1. 华中农业大学资源与环境学院, 武汉 430070;
    2. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院, 北京 100094;
    3. 河北农业大学资源与环境学院, 河北保定 071001;
    4. 全国农业技术推广服务中心土肥技术处, 北京 100026;
    5. 中国硫酸工业协会, 北京 100011
  • 收稿日期:2005-04-20 修回日期:2005-08-07 出版日期:2005-12-25 发布日期:2005-12-25
  • 通讯作者: E-mail:mawq@mail.hebau.edu.cn E-mail:mawq@mail.hebau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王利(1981-),男,山东泰安人,博士研究生,主要研究硫资源利用与管理.
  • 基金资助:

    农业部948项目(2003-Z53);中化化肥农大研发中心项目资助

Research on the Rule of Sulfur Resources Flow Based on Fertilizer Manufacturing

WANG Li1, ZHANG Wei-feng2, MA Wen-qi3, GAO Xiang-zhao1,4, ZHANG Fu-suo2, QI Yan5   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China;
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China;
    3. College of Resources and Environment, Agricultural University of Hebei Baoding 071001, China;
    4. National Agro-technical Extension & Service Center, Ministry of Agriculture of China, Beijing 100026, China;
    5. China Sulphuric Acid Industry Association, Beijing 100011, China
  • Received:2005-04-20 Revised:2005-08-07 Online:2005-12-25 Published:2005-12-25

摘要: 选择硫资源消耗最大的化肥生产过程为载体,应用自然资源流动的理论,结合不同化肥品种的生产对硫资源的流动规律及其时空变化进行了定量研究。结果表明,我国化肥生产中硫资源总转入率只有56%,有322×104t硫转入磷石膏而流失。不同化肥品种转入率差别很大,磷酸二铵、磷酸一铵和重钙等高浓度磷肥中硫的转入率均不足7%,三元复合肥中硫的转入率为38%,过磷酸钙、硫酸钾、硫酸铵等品种中硫的转入率接近100%。高浓度磷肥产量与硫的转入率呈显著负相关,高低浓度磷肥的比例与硫的转入率呈极显著负相关。从1990~2002年,我国硫的总转入率从95.8%下降到57.6%。2002年,全国年产磷肥2×104t(以P2O5计)以上的省份硫的转入率变幅为12.9%~99.7%。这些结果都表明,化肥品种结构对我国硫资源的转化起到决定性作用。因此,在制定我国化肥品种结构调整规划时应当考虑硫资源的合理利用问题。

关键词: 资源, 硫, 流动, 化肥

Abstract: On the basis of analyzing the exploitation and utilization of sulfur resources,the acti-vation and production of sulfur,the process of different kinds of chemical fertilizer,and the rules of sulfur resources flow were quantitatively studied in this paper according to the theory of natural resources flow.The results showed that the amount of sulfur resources consumed in China was 11 660 000 tons in 2002,among which the amount of sulfur consumed for chemical fertilizer production was 7 960 000 tons or 70% of the total consumption.From the rate of sulfur changed into the sulfur fertilizer,the total conversion ratio of sulfur resource based on chemical fertilizer production was only 57.6%.About 3 220 000 tons of sulfur were flowed into the phosphogypsum.However,most of them were lost in terms of agricultural applications.The conversion ratio among the variety of chemical fertilizers differed significantly,the conversion ratio of these fertilizers such as Diammonium Phosphate(DAP),Monoammonium Phosphate(MAP)and Triple Superphosphate(TSP) of high concentration phosphorus fertilizer was lower than 7%,while the ratio of NPK compound fertilizer was 38%.All the conversion ratios of the Single Superphosphate(SSP),Potassium Sulfate(SOP) and Ammonium Sulfate(CAS) were almost 100%.Regarding sulfur resource which was consumed by phosphorus fertilizer as the subject of study,the SSP was the main consumer of sulfur resources which accounted for 45% of the total consumption of chemical fertilizer.It was also the main storage carrier of sulfur resources,accounting for 78% of the total storage.So,the production of SSP is the main factor for improving the sulfur resource conversion ratio.The consumption of the phosphorus fertilizer(including DAD,MAP,TSP and NPK compound fertilizer) with high density accounts for more than 50% of the total consumption of chemical fertilizer,but the storage occupied less than 15% of the total storage.Most sulfur resources were flowed into the phosphogypsum without effective use.So,the production of high concentration phosphorus fertilizer is the main factor reducing the sulfur resource conversion ratio.The output of high concentration phosphorus fertilizer presents with remarkably negative concentration conversion ratios of sulfur,and the proportion of high/low concentration phosphorus fertilizer shows an extremely notably negative correlation with the conversion ratio of sulfur.From 1990 to 2002,the total conversion ratio of the sulfur was decreased from 95.8% to 57.6%.In 2002,the conversion ratio of sulfur in provinces having an annual output of more than 20 000 tons P2O5 ranged from 12.9% to 99.7%.The structure of varieties of chemical fertilizer plays a decisive role to the sulfur resource conversion ratio in China.Reasonale utilization of sulfur resources should be considered in working out the program for regulating structure and varieties of chemical fertilizer in China.

Key words: resources, sulfur, flow, chemical fertilizer

中图分类号: 

  • TQ440.6