自然资源学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 453-460.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.03.019

• 学术研讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然与环境资源价值评估的误区

张耀启1, 李一清2, 潘羿1   

  1. 1. School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA;
    2. Dept. of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 0890, USA
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-06 修回日期:2005-02-14 出版日期:2005-06-25 发布日期:2005-06-25
  • 作者简介:张耀启(1964~),男,福建人,博士,主要研究资源与环境的经济与政策问题.

Critique on Non-market Valuation of Natural and Environmental Resources

ZHANG Yao-qi1, LI Yi-qing2, PAN Yi1   

  1. 1. School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 , USA;
    2. Dept. of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University,New Brunswick,NJ 0890,USA
  • Received:2004-09-06 Revised:2005-02-14 Online:2005-06-25 Published:2005-06-25

摘要: 资源环境价值计量近年来成为资源与环境经济学的研究热点,但却因为在许多最基本的问题上迷失了方向,产生了不少似是而非的问题。被混淆的问题包括:①实物意义上的稀缺与经济学上的稀缺;②使用价值与交换价值;③边际价值与全部价值;④成本与价值;⑤个人消费者价值与社会价值。论文主要目的是通过澄清这些问题来指出如何对自然与环境资源估价。

关键词: 价值评估, 条件估价法, 消费者价值, 影子价值

Abstract: This paper attempts to distinguish the differences between the followi ng pairs of con,cepts:physical scarcity versus economic scarcity,intrinsic value versus exchange value, marginal value versus total value,cost versus value,cons umer willingness to pay(WTP)versus shadow value.The purpose of non,market valuat ion is for efficient allocation of scare resources. There are many kinds of valu es.Only the exchange value can be used to guide resource allocation.It is pointe d out that the economic scarcity of a resource is reflected in price when market exists,or shadow value when the market does not exist.Measuring total value oft en does not make sense when we deal with resource allocation since our decision is usually marginal change.It is particularly argued that WTP is not a good indi cator to measure resource scarcity and guide resource allocation.It is emphasize d that that non,market valuation should be conducted in the framework of demand and supply and in the marginal perspective.Appraisal value is suggested as a pot ential alternative for non,market valuation.

Key words: non,market valuation, contingent valuation method, consumer value, sh adow value

中图分类号: 

  • P964