自然资源学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 447-452.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.03.018

• 学术研讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源科学几个基本问题的探讨

管华1, 李艳2   

  1. 1. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院, 江苏徐州 221116;
    2. 徐州师范大学物理系, 江苏徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-14 修回日期:2004-12-09 出版日期:2005-06-25 发布日期:2005-06-25
  • 作者简介:管华(1958~),男,河南濮阳人,教授,硕士,主要研究领域为水科学、水土保持及资源科学理论.E-mail:guanhua@xznu.edu.cn

An Approach to Basic Questions of Resources Science

GUAN Hua1, LI Yan2   

  1. 1. College of City and Environment, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116,Chin a;
    2. Department of Physics, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116,China
  • Received:2004-11-14 Revised:2004-12-09 Online:2005-06-25 Published:2005-06-25

摘要: 资源科学的研究领域涉及自然资源和社会资源,但其研究对象不应是具体的资源,而应是区域资源系统。资源科学是建立在地学、社会科学和技术科学等众多学科之间的一门边缘学科,是钱学森所倡导建立的“地理科学”这一科学体系中的一门一级分支学科,其研究对象属于区域发展所依托的“地球表层”的资源范畴。资源科学的学科特点有三:综合性是资源科学区别于其他学科单项资源研究的特色体现,为资源科学的立身之本;区域性是资源科学实现综合研究的途径体现,是研究方式的具体表达,是资源科学的立命之道;交叉性是资源科学研究课题的来源体现,是学科形成的根源,是资源科学的立世之基。资源科学的学科体系可从两个角度来构建,即按内容层次建立资源科学的内容学科分类体系,按研究对象的性质和研究的方法角度建立资源科学的类型学科分类体系。二者的交叉,可以形成资源科学众多的分支学科,它们共同构成了资源科学的科学体系。

关键词: 资源科学, 基本问题, 研究对象, 学科特点, 学科体系

Abstract: At present,some questions concerning basic theory of resources science have not been solved.Such kind of situation can restrict the establishment and development of resources science.Therefore,it is necessary to make an approach t o these questions.Both natural and social resources are dealt with via studies o f resources science,but they are not the study objects.The study object of resou rces science will be regional resources system.Resources science is a frontier s cience formed between geosciences,social science,and technical science,is a grad e,1 branch of learning of "geographic science" which was proposed to set up by Q ian Xuesen,and its study object will belong to the resources category of epigeos phere which is the foundation of regional development.Resources science has thre e features:comprehensiveness,this is the disting,uishing feature and is the foun dation of it's being;and regionalism,this is the channel of its comprehensive st udy and is the formation of it's being;and intercross,this is the source of its research questions and is the necessary condition of it's being.The subject syst em of resources science can be set up from two angles:content's subject system o f resources science can be set up according to the levels of its study contents, and the type's subject system of resources science can be set up according to th e characteristics of study object and the angles of study methods. The intercros s of the two subject systems can form a great deal of subjects of resources scie nce,and all of them form the subject system.

Key words: resources science, basic question, study object, subject feature, sub ject system

中图分类号: 

  • P96