自然资源学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 407-414.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.03.013

• 述评与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

从静态的断面分析到动态的过程评价——兼论资源流动的研究内容与方法

成升魁, 闵庆文, 闫丽珍   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-02 修回日期:2005-01-21 出版日期:2005-06-25 发布日期:2005-06-25
  • 作者简介:成升魁(1959~),男,陕西合阳人,研究员,中国自然资源学会常务副理事长,主要从事资源生态、区域 农业发展等领域的研究工作.E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.an.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX2-SW-318-02-04)

From Static Assessment to Dynamic Processing: Resources Flow and Its Contents and Methods

CHENG Sheng-kui, MIN Qing-wen, YAN Li-zhen   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 1 00101, China
  • Received:2004-11-02 Revised:2005-01-21 Online:2005-06-25 Published:2005-06-25

摘要: 论文在简要回顾我国资源科学发展阶段及其特点的基础上,从生态学思想对资源科学研究的影响出发,认为随着经济社会的快速发展,资源开发利用过程及其效应问题将是今后相当长一段时间资源科学研究的重要领域和方向。只有深入研究资源在经济社会系统中的生命周期,才能清楚认识资源与经济、社会、环境的关系机理,才能为国家或区域资源可持续利用提供更加科学的理论依据。据此,提出了资源流动的概念,阐述了资源流动的内涵与研究方法,并以木材资源、玉米资源为例进行了说明。从某种意义上说,我国资源科学仍然处于一种静态的状态研究阶段,研究内容主要包括以资源开发利用为目的的资源认识和资源评价研究,和以协调人—资源关系为目的的人口、资源、环境可持续发展研究。现代资源科学吸收了生态学、特别是生态系统的理论和方法,将资源视为由不同学科、不同区域、不同部门的网式结构和从开发利用到最终消费的链式结构的复合系统,通过资源流动分析,将有助于揭示资源开发利用及其效应的动态过程机制。

关键词: 资源科学, 资源评价, 资源流动

Abstract: Resources shortage and environmental issues resulting from unsuitable resources exp,loitation and utilization have promoted the development of resourc es science.Many researches have been made in the field of resources science but most of them focus on the qualitative analysis or semi,quantitative analysis.Acc ording to the progress stage of resources science, tradi,tional stage is a stati c research focusing on two main contents:the research of investigation and evalu ation of natural resources and of synthetical research of population,resources a nd environ,ment.In this article,on the basis of reviewing the progress and featu res of resources science in different stage and from the angle of the influence of ecology on resources science,the authors attempt to illustrate the concept,co nnotation and methods of resources flow.Obviously,the weaknesses of traditional research lie in that the same resource belongs to different departments and the separation in benefit distribution has led to the confusion of resources managem ent and a low rate of resources utilization. Modern stage has imbibed the though t and method of ecology.Absorbed the principles and methodology of ecology,espec ially the ecological system and flow analysis,resource flow takes the resources as the compound of a net structure composing of different disciplines,different regions and different departments and a link structure from exploitation to cons umption.The analysis of resource flow is helpful to describe the dynamic process and mechanism of exploitation and utilization of natural resources.Lastly,two t ypical cases of timbers and maize were analyzed.

Key words: resources science, assessment of natural resources, resources flow

中图分类号: 

  • P96