自然资源学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 242-249.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2005.02.012

• 资源利用与保护 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河三角洲二元结构与多元可持续发展初探

步伟娜, 方创琳   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-07 修回日期:2004-10-29 出版日期:2005-04-25 发布日期:2005-04-25
  • 作者简介:步伟娜(1977~),女,河北省定州市人,硕士,主要从事区域与城市可持续发展等方面的研究。E-mail:buwn@ugsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目“水资源约束下西北干旱区城市化过程及其生态效应研究”(40335049)

Studies on the Dual Structure and Multilateral Sustainable Development in the Yellow River Delta

BU Wei-na, FANG Chuang-lin   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2004-09-07 Revised:2004-10-29 Online:2005-04-25 Published:2005-04-25

摘要: 黄河三角洲由石油资源的开发而兴起,其区位条件和油气资源条件都十分优越,但目前仍处于经济发达地区的低谷区。通过对二元结构系数的定量分析,发现该地区具有明显的复合二元结构特征,即“油地+城乡”,二元结构是制约三角洲持续发展的一个重要限制性因素。目前,石油产业的全面改组改制、优越的外部环境和自身基础条件、东营港扩建及其附属加工制造业基地的立项、综合性交通运输网络体系的形成等都是三角洲全面发展的难得机遇。要实现多元可持续发展的目标,必须转变观念,由“以油建城”到“以港兴城”、大力发展资源深加工工业和具有竞争优势的制造业;构建高效生态农业经济体系;推进城市的“内聚式”发展。

关键词: 多元可持续, 二元结构, 城市和农村, 油田与地方, 发展黄河三角洲

Abstract: The Yellow River Delta is developed from the exploitation of the oil resources. Altho-ugh it is in an advantageous position,it is still economically at the bottom surrounded by the developed regions.Dual structure is an important restricting factor in the process of sustainable development in the delta,including the relationship between cities and rural areas and the dissociated connection between the oil fields and districts.There are several significant opportunities to the comprehensive development,such as general reorganization and strypped-down in petroleum industry,the new tide of industry shift,the preponderant international and domestic conditions,layouts of some momentous items,improvement of transformation system,etc.To remain sustainable development, it is crucial of changeover in concepts from "building-up the city by oil resources" to "flourishing the city with harbor economy".Secondly,it is urgent to develop the downstream processing industry of oil resources and manufacturing with competitive advan-tages.Thirdly,it is necessary to put eco-agriculture into practice.And then,it is required to imp-lement congregating model in city exploitation.

Key words: Yellow River Delta, oil fields and district, city and country, dual structure, multi-lateral and sustainable development

中图分类号: 

  • F127