自然资源学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 537-544.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2004.04.017

• 研究方法与技术 • 上一篇    

中国陆地生态信息空间化技术研究(Ⅰ)——气象/气候信息的空间化技术途径

于贵瑞, 何洪林, 刘新安, 牛栋   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,CERN综合研究中心,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2003-12-10 修回日期:2004-04-05 出版日期:2004-08-25 发布日期:2004-08-25
  • 作者简介:于贵瑞(1959~),男,辽宁大连人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事生态系统管理和碳循环研究。

Study on spatialization technology of terrestrial eco-information in China (Ⅰ): The approach of spatialization in meteorology/climate information

YU Gui-rui, HE Hong-lin, LIU Xin-an, NIU Dong   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, CERN Synthesis Research Cernter, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2003-12-10 Revised:2004-04-05 Online:2004-08-25 Published:2004-08-25

摘要: 论文提出了构建中国陆地生态系统空间化信息系统的基本设想,并且在回顾国内外气象/气候信息空间化研究的现状基础上,评价了已有的气象/气候信息要素空间化技术的发展,探讨了中国陆地生态系统气象/气候信息空间化的技术途径,概要地介绍了研究小组在近年来的工作中所取得的阶段性研究成果,展望了这些成果的应用前景。我国陆地生态信息空间化技术研究和数据产品的开发是生态学、资源科学和环境科学发展的迫切需求。但建立一个适应于不同科学研究的精度、时空分辨率要求的陆地生态信息空间数据库需要较长期的努力和多学科领域的合作,也需要大量的作为科学研究基础数据平台建设的国家投资。

关键词: 陆地生态信息, 空间化技术, 气候值, 气候要素, 空间数据库, 数据资源管理

Abstract: The study brings forward the basic conception of spatial information system for Chinese terrestrial ecosystem.Based on reviews of recent spatialization technology research of meteorology and climate information at home and abroad,we appraised virtue of methods in existence and discussed the model of spatial distribution of meteorology and climate information.Meanwhile,we summarized our preliminary achievement and set forth prospective applications.The developments of ecological,resources and environmental sciences imperiously call for spatia-lization technology research and data product exploitation of Chinese terrestrial eco-information.However,establishing a favorable spatial database of terrestrial eco-information which provides fine spatial-temporal resolution fitting in with diverse disciplines requirements demands long-ter-m study and disciplinary cooperation;simultaneously,it needs a lot of social funds devotion.

Key words: terrestrial ecological information, spatialization technology, climatic characteristic value, climatic factor, spatial database