自然资源学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 273-278.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2004.03.001

• 资源经济 •    下一篇

论资源经济学的研究对象

唐咸正1, 王娟2   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学资源与环境经济研究所,北京 100083;
    2. 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2003-10-15 修回日期:2003-12-23 出版日期:2004-06-25 发布日期:2004-06-25
  • 作者简介:唐咸正(1938~),男,湖南道县人,教授,主要研究领域为价值价格理论、资源与环境经济、矿地产经济.E-mail:tangso7@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金“九五”规划重点项目矿地产经济学研究(96AJB032)资助

Research object of resources economics

TANG Xian-zheng1, WANG Juan2   

  1. 1. Institute of Resources and Environmental Economics, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083,China; School of Public Health, Peking University Medical Science Center, Beijing 100083,China
  • Received:2003-10-15 Revised:2003-12-23 Online:2004-06-25 Published:2004-06-25

摘要: 资源经济学至今没能成为一门成熟学科的首要原因在于学者们对其研究对象没有形成统一的认识,并主要存在两方面的问题:其一,在研究对象的外延和内涵上,没有划清资源经济学、环境经济学和生态经济学之间的界限;其二,把资源经济学变成自然资源有效配置或利用经济学。作者根据人口、自然资源、自然环境、自然灾害和生态系统之间的关系,以及它们分别与经济系统形成的7个交叉系统,把资源经济学与6种相关经济学的研究领域对象区分开来。进而根据科学研究对象所具有的特殊矛盾性,把资源经济学、环境经济学和生态经济学的研究内容划分开来。还根据经济学的研究对象是经济活动的概要界定,从总体上分别概要地界定了三种经济学的研究对象,并认为资源经济活动是资源经济本质、资源经济运行和资源经济发展的统一。

关键词: 资源经济学, 研究对象, 自然环境, 自然资源, 生态系统, 资源经济活动

Abstract: The chief reason for why resources economics haven't come to be a mature subject is that scholars haven't reached a common opinion of their research object.There are mainly two problems:The first is no demarcation line has been drawn between resources economics,envir-onmental economics and ecological economics in terms of extension and intension of research ob- ject.The second is to turn resources economics into reasonable collocation of natural resources or utilization economics.According to the relations of population,natural resources,environmental resources,natural disasters and eco-systems,and the seven cross systems that they form separately with economics,this paper differentiates the research object of resources economics and six correlative economics.According to the special contradiction of scientific research object,this paper marks off resources economics,environmental economics and ecological economics.Again according to the general definition of economic activities being the research object of economics,the research objects of three kinds of economics are generally confined seperately.Also,resources economic activities are regarded as the unification of the essence,course and development of resources economy.

Key words: resources economics, research object, natural environment, natural resources, ecological system, resources economic activities