自然资源学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 742-752.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2003.06.013

• 学术研讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源科学的研究对象、学科体系与建设途径

封志明   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2003-05-28 修回日期:2003-07-25 出版日期:2003-12-25 发布日期:2003-12-25
  • 作者简介:封志明(1963~),男,河北平山人,教授,博导,主要研究领域为国土资源高效利用与区域可持续发展, 旁及资源科学研究的理论与方法.E-mail:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-333);国家自然科学基金项目(70173023)资助.

Research object,discipline system and development approaches of resource science

FENG Zhi-ming   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2003-05-28 Revised:2003-07-25 Online:2003-12-25 Published:2003-12-25

摘要: 资源科学是一门研究自然资源的形成、演化、质量特征与时空分布及其与人类社会发展之相互关系的科学。资源科学的学科体系与分支学科主要包括理论资源学、综合(基础)资源学、部门(应用)资源学与区域资源学,其中,综合资源学可以续分为7个资源学科,部门资源学可以续分为9个资源学科;理论资源学作为资源科学通论,区域资源学作为资源科学在具体区域的实际应用,都可做出进一步续分;由此提出了资源科学学科体系发展的三维结构网络模式。在此基础上,结合国内外高等院校资源科学的专业设置、学位体系与课程设计,提出整合现有分列的资源科学研究内容,在国家“学科分类与代码”和“授予博士、硕士学位和培养研究生的学科、专业目录”中,增列资源科学与技术交叉学科门类;高等院校的资源与环境学院,在资源科学之下可以设立资源科学、资源技术与资源管理3个本科专业,并招收相关专业的硕士、博士研究生。以此推动资源科学学科体系的发展与高级资源科学人才的培养工作。

关键词: 资源科学, 资源科学学科体系, 资源科学教育体系, 自然资源

Abstract: Some basic problems on the development and construction of resource science,such as:the research objective and its content,disciplinary system and main subdisciplines,degree programs and curriculum setting of resource sciences are discussed in the article.It was indicated that the resource science is an integrated science,which focuses on the formation,evolvement,quality and quantity characters,changes spatio - temporal distribution of natural resources,and the relationship between natural resources and the progress of human society.Nowadays disciplinary system and main subdisciplines of resource science mostly include academic resource science,comprehensive(basic)resource science,departmental(applied)resource science and regional resource science.Comprehensive resource science can be further divided into seven subdisciplines,similarly,departmental resource science can be further divided into nine subdisciplines;as the pandect and application in specific area of resource science,academic resource science and regional resource science can be further divided respectively.A3d - network system model of the discipline development on resource sciences is put forward.Based on the above study,referring to major setting,degree programs and curriculum design of resource sciences in the foreign universities and colleges,as well as the domestic circumstance of some undergraduate and graduate resource - related disciplines and majors,it was proposed to conform the dispersal research contents of resources sciences,add cross - discipline division of resource science and technology to the national‘Discipline classification and its code’and‘List of disciplines and majors which can recruit graduate students and offer Doctor’s and Master’s degree’.In order to impulse the development of resource disciplinary system and the training of advanced talents in the field of resource science,college of resources and environment which were set up in some universities could also set up resource science,resources technology and resources management,the three undergraduate majors within the discipline of resource science,moreover recruit graduate and doctoral students.

Key words: natural resource, resource science, disciplinary system of resource science, education programs of resource science

中图分类号: 

  • P96