自然资源学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (5): 552-561.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2003.05.006

• 资源利用与保护 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国县域土地利用结构类型研究

封志明1, 杨艳昭1, 宋玉1, 张蓬涛2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 河北农业大学, 河北保定 071001
  • 收稿日期:2003-04-24 修回日期:2003-06-02 出版日期:2003-10-25 发布日期:2003-10-25
  • 作者简介:封志明(1963~),男,河北平山人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事农业资源高效利用与区域可持续发展 研究,旁及资源科学的理论探讨.Email:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-333);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新领域前沿项目(CXIOG-A00-04).

Study on the land use structure of Chinese counties

FENG Zhi-ming1, YANG Yan-zhao1, SONG Yu1, ZANG Peng-tao2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071001, China
  • Received:2003-04-24 Revised:2003-06-02 Online:2003-10-25 Published:2003-10-25

摘要: 论文简要阐述了土地利用结构和土地利用结构类型研究的意义,进而提出了土地利用结构类型划分的原则、依据。在此基础上,基于土地利用分县的详查数据,以全国2475个县域为基本单元,运用最小方差法对其进行了土地利用结构类型的划分。对初次分类结果进行分析,制定原则并对其进行处理,将定性分析与定量研究相结合,最终确立了一个由6个土地利用结构系列和44个土地利用结构类型构成的中国县域土地利用结构类型分类系统。最后,对中国县域土地利用主要结构类型的地域分异规律及开发利用方向进行了探讨。

关键词: 中国县域, 土地利用结构, 土地利用结构类型

Abstract: Some forerunners have studied regional land use structure.But there is no precedent of study on the land use structure of counties,especially on a nationwide scale.Therefore,this study will take land use structure of Chinese counties as a primary study object and discuss the structure of land use from a new point of view.First,it gathers,disposes and analyzes“The Sub - areas of Land Resource Utilization”,which is released by National Land Resource Survey Office.Then land use structure is classified by means of Least Square Error,with chosen guidelines and set up classification system.Second,according to the established principles,the primary classification results are analyzed and dealt with.Furthermore,by combining qualitative analysis from top to bottom and quantitative analysis from bottom to top,a scheme of classification,with six series and forty - four styles of land use structure,is set up.According to the result of classification,this paper selects the main styles of land use structures in China.By the method of percentiles,the authors make a conclusion that the following thirteen styles of land use structure make up of the main styles of land use structures in China:Gg,Ff,Uu,Ggu,Uug,Ffa,Ffau,Aa,Ggf,Aaw,Aaf,Aac and Ffua.There are1565counties belonging to those styles,making up79.86%of the total country's area.At the end,this paper discusses systematically on the main thirteen styles of land use structure characters,the rules of territorial distribution and the utilization perspective.

Key words: counties of China, land use structure, styles of land use structure

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24