自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (6): 664-669.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.06.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地整理潜力分析

张正峰, 陈百明   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-05-27 修回日期:2002-08-06 出版日期:2002-12-25 发布日期:2002-12-25
  • 作者简介:张正峰(1975~),男,山东泰安人,博士研究生,主要从事土地利用与评价研究.E-mail:zhengfengzh@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国土资源部行政事业专项研究“土地整理潜力与效益分析方法研究”;中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目课题(CX10G-A00-O4-02)资助。

Primary analysis on land readjustment potentiality

ZHANG Zheng-feng, CHEN Bai-ming   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China
  • Received:2002-05-27 Revised:2002-08-06 Online:2002-12-25 Published:2002-12-25

摘要: 随着社会经济的发展,我国的土地整理必然从增加耕地面积的单目标向提高农业综合生产能力、改善和保护生态环境、促进乡村基础设施建设的多目标方向发展。因此,科学分析土地整理潜力是目前迫切需要解决的问题,也是科学编制土地整理专项规划及进行土地整理项目规划设计的需要。从内涵上讲,土地整理潜力是相对于一定土地整理标准而言的潜力,是经济、生态条件约束下的潜力,其实质是土地利用潜力。从来源上分析,耕地整理潜力主要来源于农村道路、排灌沟渠的整治与完善、田块的合并与规整、限制因素的改造与消除、农田防护林网的修建与完善。农村居民点整理潜力主要来源于居民宅基地用地量的降低、建筑容积率的提高、闲散土地的再利用、自然村向中心村的合并以及村内基础设施与公共设施的配套完善。

关键词: 土地整理, 耕地, 农村居民点, 潜力

Abstract: With the development of society and economy,the main aim of land readjustment in our country will be changed from merely adding arable land to multipurpose development direc-tion of promoting agricultural comprehensive productive ability,protecting eco-environment and consummating rural infrastructure.So how to reasonably analyze land readjustment potentiality becomes an essential item,and also is necessary for the land readjustment planning and land readjustment project.In fact land readjustment potentiality is a kind of potentiality that relatives to land readjustment criterion and restricts to economic and eco-environmental status.The essence is land use potentiality.Arable land readjustment potentiality is to add arable land area,promote agricultural comprehensive productive ability,reduce production cost and protect eco-environment.It could be achieved by renovation of country road and irrigation and drainage canals,combination and regularization of farmland,elimination of limiting factors and construc-tion of shelter belts.Rural residential land readjustment potentiality is to add arable land and to improve survival environment.It could be achieved by reduction of residential area,promotion of construction rate,use of idle land,combination of small village to central village and consumma-tion of infrastructure.Comparing to overseas land readjustment,China still belongs to the ele-mentary phase of land readjustment that the aim is to add arable land simply and does not be-long to the advanced phase that the aim is to improve comprehensive productivity and consum-mate eco-environment.Once land readjustment in our country comes into advanced phase,the potentiality would come great.

Key words: land readjustment, arable land, rural residential land, potentiality