自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 409-414.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.04.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

短缺资源类型与供需趋势分析

郎一环, 王礼茂   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-04-09 修回日期:2002-05-14 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2002-08-25
  • 作者简介:郎一环(1939~),男,山西人,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究资源经济与资源安全,发表论文100余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(79970060)资助。

The types of deficient resources and the trend of supply and demand

LANG Yi-huan, WANG Li-mao   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China
  • Received:2002-04-09 Revised:2002-05-14 Online:2002-08-25 Published:2002-08-25

摘要: 短缺资源是指在一定时空范围和一定技术经济条件下,因需求量大于供给量而产生明显缺口的资源。按照短缺资源的分类,中国战略性短缺资源主要有石油、耕地和淡水,三者对国家安全和社会经济发展具有全局性和长远性影响。中国非战略性短缺资源主要有森林、富铁矿、铬铁矿、铜矿和钾盐等。随着经济的发展,人口的继续增长,从本世纪初到本世纪中叶,上述各种短缺资源的短缺数量增加,短缺程度趋于加剧。解决中国短缺资源的供需矛盾,需要从多种途径综合考虑:①多元化利用国外资源,弥补国内资源短缺;②建立战略资源储备体系,应付突发危机;③节约、替代和综合利用降低资源消耗;④强化资源保护,提高资源再生能力;⑤依靠科技进步,寻求解决短缺资源的新途径。

关键词: 短缺资源, 类型, 供需趋势

Abstract: Deficient resource means resources insufficiency because the demand has exceeded the supply in a certain temporo-spatial scope and under certain economic and technical condi -tions.According to the classification of deficient resources,oil,cultivated land and fresh water are strategic deficient resources,which have a great impact on social-economic development and national security in China.Forest,rich iron ore,chromite,copper and sylvite are non-strategic deficient resources.With economic development and growth of population,the amount of short-age of the above-mentioned resources will increase and deficient level will be intensified during the period from the beginning to the mid21st century.In order to solve the problem compre-hensive measures should be implemented:(1)meeting the demand of deficient resources by us-ing foreign resources through various channels;(2)establishing resources strategic reserve for dealing with resources crisis;(3)reducing resources consumption by saving,replacing and com-prehensive utilizing;(4)resources improving the capacity of renewable resources by strengthen-ing protection of renewable resources;and(5)seeking for new ways to solve the shortage prob-lems based on the innovation of science and technology.

Key words: deficient resources, type, trend of demand and supply