自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 393-400.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.04.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

论国家资源安全及其保障战略

沈镭, 成升魁   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-04-09 修回日期:2002-05-10 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2002-08-25
  • 作者简介:沈镭(1964~),男,湖北麻城市人,资源法学硕士和理学硕士,研究员,主要从事矿产资源经济 学、工业开发与产业布局、资源法律与政策、资源型城市及区域可持续发展战略研究。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所所长基金(ZDW797)资助。

On the national resources security and its guaranteeing strategies

SHEN Lei, CHENG Sheng-kui   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China
  • Received:2002-04-09 Revised:2002-05-10 Online:2002-08-25 Published:2002-08-25

摘要: 论文系统探索了资源安全的基本内涵,并初步划分了不同类型国家资源安全。作者认为资源安全是资源供给与需求相互均衡的产物,它是一个内涵丰富的复合范畴。资源安全可以划分为全球性安全、区域性安全和地方性安全。按时间序列和资源生产与消费等,还可以将资源安全划分为短期资源安全、中期资源安全和长期资源安全,以及资源净出口国的资源安全和资源净进口国的资源安全。资源安全因其短缺或稀缺而来,并且首先表现为对石油安全的担忧。文章进一步分析了国家资源安全的涵义、基本特征、影响因素和发展趋势,分析了不同类型国家资源安全战略。最后,从系统分析的角度,提出了保障国家资源安全的七大基本策略,即资源保护战略、资源流通战略、资源消费战略、资源利用战略、资源回收战略、资源创新战略、资源管理战略,形成完整的国家资源安全复合保障体系。

关键词: 国家资源安全, 供给, 需求, 保障, 战略

Abstract: This paper systematically discusses some fundamental implications of resources secu-rity and gives a preliminary classification of national resources security.The authors consider that the resources security is the mutual balance of resource supply and demand,thus it is a multiple concept with rich implications.In terms of geographical space,the resources security can be divided into global,regional and local ones.In the context of time se quence,the short-,middle-and long-term resource securities may be classified.Based on the types of economies,the national resources-producing security and national resources-consuming security may be dis-tinguished.The resources security was resulted from resources shortage or scarcity and oil secu-rity was the first presentation in the resources worries of historical develop ment in the world.The paper further analyzes the implications,basic characteristics,factors and development trends of national resources security and discusses the different kinds of strategies for national resources securities.Finally,from the perspective of system theory,seven major strategies guaranteeing na-tional resources security are identified,namely,resource conservation strategy,resource circula-tion strategy,resource consumption strategy,resource utilization strategy,resource recycle strate-gy,resource innovation strategy and resource management strategy,by which the multiple guar-anteeing system of national resources security may be established.

Key words: national resources security, resource supply, resource demand, guaranteeing, strate-gy