自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 123-128.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.01.018

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    

河北省耕地数量减少原因及对策研究

许月卿1,2, 李秀彬1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 河北师范大学资源与环境科学学院,河北石家庄050016
  • 收稿日期:2001-05-09 修回日期:2001-08-30 出版日期:2002-02-25 发布日期:2002-02-25
  • 作者简介:许月卿(1972~),女,河北定州市人,博士生,主要从事土地利用土地覆被变化研究。
  • 基金资助:

    中科院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-310-01-05);国家自然科学基金重点项目(49831020)。

A study of the causes of cultivated land loss and countermeasures in Hebei Province

XU Yue-qing1,2, LI Xiu-bin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China;
    2. College of Resource and Environment Science,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang050016,China
  • Received:2001-05-09 Revised:2001-08-30 Online:2002-02-25 Published:2002-02-25

摘要: 论文在分析河北省近50年来耕地数量动态变化的基础上,对1988~1995年间河北省耕地资源数量下降的状况及其构成进行了详尽的剖析,探讨了河北省耕地减少的原因,并提出了减缓耕地减少的对策。农业结构调整占地(占耕地总减少量的47%)是河北省耕地减少的主要原因;其次是非农建设占地和灾害毁地,分别占总减少量的22%和30%;在新增加的耕地类型中,开荒和复垦的比例分别占耕地总增加量的49%和44%,是耕地增加的主要来源。

关键词: 河北省, 耕地, 原因, 对策

Abstract: This paper analyses the dramatic change of cultivated land during the last50years in Hebei Province.Based upon which,the situation and composition of cultivated land loss during1988~1995are examined.The causes of cultivated land loss are discussed and the countermea-sures are advanced.It is found out that the adjustment of agricultural structure is the main cause of cultivated land loss,which accounts for47%of the total amount of cultivated land loss;land devoting to non-agricultural constructions and damaged by natural hazards are the secondary causes,which respectively account for22%and30%of the newly added types of cultivated land,reclamation and reuse of abandoned land are the main sources of cultivated land increase,which respectively account for49%and44%of the total increased cultivated land.

Key words: Hebei Province, cultivated land, causes, countermeasures