自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (6): 571-575.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.06.016

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

森林与雾露水关系研究进展

刘文杰1, 曾觉民2, 王昌命2, 李红梅1, 段文平1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园热带雨林生态站, 云南勐腊 666303;
    2. 西南林学院, 云南昆明 650224
  • 收稿日期:2001-02-13 修回日期:2001-05-21 出版日期:2001-12-25 发布日期:2001-12-25
  • 作者简介:刘文杰(1969-),男,河南省封丘县人,助理研究员,主要从事热带森林气象、水文方面的研究工作.
  • 基金资助:

    云南省应用基础研究基金资助项目(98C029Q).

On the relationship between forests and occult precipitation(dew and fog p recipitation)

LIU Wen-jie1, ZENG Jue-min2, WANG Chang-ming2, LI Hong-mei1, DUAN Wen-ping1   

  1. 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS, Menglun, Yunnan 666303, China;
    2. Southwest Forestry College, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2001-02-13 Revised:2001-05-21 Online:2001-12-25 Published:2001-12-25

摘要: 论文从雾露水的形成机制、森林对雾露水的截留量、雾露水对森林分布的影响及雾露水的生态效应方面,阐述了国外在该领域的研究动态和取得的成果,以期推动我国在该领域的研究工作。国外的大量研究表明,雾露水对于植物的生长、分布具有重要的生态意义,是森林生态系统水分平衡、养分循环不可忽视的输入项,其生态效应是多方面的。因而,进一步深入研究雾露水与森林的关系是必要的。

关键词: 森林, 雾露水, 生态效应

Abstract: Researches on the relationships between forests and″occult precip itation″(dew and fog precipitation)in foreign countries,focused on the forma tion mechanisms of dew and fog,forest canopy interception from dew and fog,in fluence of dew and fog on the distribution of species and the dynamics of vegeta tion,and its ecological effects were briefly introduced with the aim of promoti ng the studies in this field in China.According to the re ports,the dew and fo g water is one of the most important environmental factors determining the plan ts growth and dis tribution,and an important input for water balance and nutr ients cycling of the forest in cloud or fog-dominated montane regions,and its ecological effects take on many aspects.So it is essential to make further rese arch in this field and the future of ecological requires regarding occult precip i-tation should be directed towards quantify ing its hydrologic as well as its chemical significance to fog and cloud dominated ecosystems.Among the study met hods,the Dawson's work that ap-plied stable tools,using hydrogen and oxygen i sotopic 'signatures' and an iso topic mixing model that made it possible to dist inguish the plants' proportional use of deep-ground versus above-ground(i.e .precipitation and fog)water,is the best way and can be used in further resea rch.

Key words: forests, dew and fog precipitation, ecological effects

中图分类号: 

  • S715.2(74)