自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 390-396.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.04.015

• 论文 • 上一篇    

国外城市自然保护与生态重建及其对我国的启示

赵振斌, 包浩生   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2001-01-15 修回日期:2001-03-14 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 作者简介:赵振斌(1965-),男,陕西洛南人,博士生,主要从事区域环境与生态建设方面的研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(49831070)

Overseas urban nature conservation,ecological rehabilitation and enlightenments to China

ZHAO Zhen bin, BAO Hao sheng   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2001-01-15 Revised:2001-03-14 Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 论文对当前国外的城市自然保护与生态重建活动作了介绍。城市自然保护包括野生生物生境保护、城市地区湿地及自然景观保护等内容。城市生态重建则主要有生态公园建设、废弃地生态重建、城市扩散廊道体系建设等方面。城市自然保护与生态重建具有以生态学为基础,多学科交叉;注重生态过程的恢复;多目标、多层次规划设计的特点。在此基础上,论文给出了4点对于我国城市生态建设的启示。

关键词: 城市自然保护, 城市生态重建, 城市规划

Abstract: The urban nature conservation and ecological rehabilitation activities in western countries initiated since the 1970s are introduced in this paper.The urban nature conservation includes mainly the following aspects:urban wildlife protection,natural landscape protection and wetland protection.The ecological rehabilitation practices consist of a number of phases such as eco park construction,greenway design,dispersal corridor network planning and stormwater management.Three features of the urban nature conservation and ecological rehabilitation are distinguished:ecology based practices and interdisciplinary collaboration;stressing the restoration of ecological process;and multi functional and hierarchical planning.Some enlightenments are given as follows:re valuation of the importance of urban nature conservation;enhancement of fundamental data inventory;re building city open space planning theories;and ecology based urban planning.

Key words: urban nature conservation, urban ecological rehabilitation, urban planning

中图分类号: 

  • Q14.1