自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 305-312.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.04.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江三角洲土地资源可持续利用研究

彭补拙, 安旭东, 陈浮, 濮励杰   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2000-10-16 修回日期:2001-02-19 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 作者简介:彭补拙(1938-),男,湖南涟源人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向包括自然地理、资源与环境规划管理。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目“长江三角洲水土资源环境演变与调控研究”(49831070)专题成果之一

A study on sustainable land use in the Yangtze River Delta

PENG Bu zhuo, AN Xu dong, CHEN Fu, PU Li jie   

  1. Department of Urban & Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2000-10-16 Revised:2001-02-19 Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 在定性分析长江三角洲土地资源现状特征和可持续利用目标基础上,重点对区域土地资源可持续利用进行定量评价:选择36个因素作为参评因子,建立评价指标体系;选用模糊隶属函数和线性加权函数进行综合测算,评判出区域土地资源可持续利用综合水平;引进“障碍度”概念进行定量的障碍诊断,并针对主要障碍因素提出可持续利用具体对策。

关键词: 土地资源, 可持续利用, 评价指标, 障碍度, 长江三角洲

Abstract: The comprehension of qualitative and quantitative analysis is the key point of present research on sustainable land use.This paper is intended to do the comprehension work in the Yangtze River Delta.First,qualitative research is done by analyzing present land use characteristics of the Yangtze River Delta.The result shows that fine land use condition,insufficient land resource amount,high exploiting intensity and quick land structure reform are the main characteristics in this area.And based on this analysis,the systematic objectives of sustainable land use in the Yangtze River Delta,which come from three administrative levels,are put forward.Second,a new quantitative pathway,social statistical method is established to evaluate the present level of sustainable land use in the Yangtze River Delta.Indicators consisting of 36 factors are selected as the evaluating index system,and weights and target values for indicators are established by using the AHP method and by referring to others' research.The method of membership function is selected to quantify the single indicator and the linear weighted function is chosen to compute the comprehensive evaluation index.And a new method is put forward to diagnose the obstacles in sustainable land use,in which the concept of obstacle amount is induced,and the corresponding formulae are used to compute it.Based on ranking obstacle amount of all indicators,what the main obstacles are and what the minors are can be found out.Then the sustainable land use evaluation practices are made in Suzhou,an important city in the Yangtze River Delta area,with the resultant comprehensive evaluating index of 63.10%.The result shows that the sustainable land use in 1998 in this area is still at a preliminary stage.And there are 12 main obstacles in sustainable land use in Suzhou.In view of the above obstacles,some practical countermeasures are identified.Through the above analysis,some conclusions are gained:(a) Qualitative method and quantitative method should be combined in sustainable land use research.Quantitative evaluation is the key point of this regional scale research .It is an effective way to survey the rationality and sustainability of current land use.(b) The practices of sustainable land use evaluation should be directed against the specific mode and objectives of land use.So the evaluating pathway must reflect the present features of regional land use.(c) The aims of evaluation lie not only on the determination of present stage of sustainable land use in specific areas,but also on the diagnosis of obstacles of sustainable land use,through which countermeasures could be raised to improve the sustainable level.

Key words: sustainable land use, systematical objectives, evaluating index system, diagnosis of obstacles, obstacle amount, Yangtze River Delta, Suzhou

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24