自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 293-296.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.03.016

• 论文 • 上一篇    

国际环境保护公约中技术转让障碍问题的探讨

张孟衡1, 茹江2, 宋小智1   

  1. 1. 中国国家环境保护总局, 北京 100035;
    2. 北京大学环境科学中心, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2000-11-20 修回日期:2001-01-21 出版日期:2001-06-25 发布日期:2001-06-25
  • 作者简介:张孟衡(1966-),女,北京人,工程师,现在中国国家环境保护总局对外经济合作中心工作,主要从 事中国履行《关于消耗臭氧层物质的蒙特利尔议定书》的政策研究和项目组织工作,E-mail:zhangmh@svr1- pek.unep.net。

Obstacles to technology transfer in the implementation of international environmental conventions

ZHANG Meng heng1, RU Jiang2, SONG Xiao zhi1   

  1. 1. State Environmental Protection Administration, Beijing 100035, China;
    2. Center for Environmental Sciences of Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2000-11-20 Revised:2001-01-21 Online:2001-06-25 Published:2001-06-25

摘要: 随着世界各国对全球资源与环境问题认识的逐步提高 ,发展中国家必将签署越来越多的国际环境公约 ,参与到国际环境保护合作中。尽管许多国际环境公约都明确规定了发达国家在资金和技术上支持发展中国家保护环境履行国际公约的义务 ,但是实际履约过程中技术转让的问题并未得到良好的解决。论文将讨论国际环境公约履约中的技术转让障碍问题 ,并以中国履行《关于消耗臭氧层物质的蒙特利尔议定书》 ,实施臭氧层保护行动过程中所存在的实际问题为例 ,对国际环境公约履行中技术转让障碍的原因及其后果进行分析 ,最后对发展中国家所应采取的立场和对策提出建议。

关键词: 国际环境公约, 技术转让, 障碍, 臭氧层保护行动

Abstract: Along with the increasing awareness of global environmental problems,develo ping countries will ratify more and more international environmental conventions to participate in the international cooperation of environmental protection.Though most conventions clearly state that the parties of developed countries shall offer enough fund and necessary technologies to the parties of developing countries to help them implement their commitment,yet there are still obstacles to technology transfer.This paper discusses the impediments in the implementation of international environmental conventions and studies the real problems developing countries are facing.Chinas experiences in the implementation of Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplet the Ozone Layer are analyzed as a case study.The reasons for the existing impediments and their potential impacts are presented.Finally,the suggested strategies for developing countries in the implementation of international conventions are proposed.

Key words: international environmental convention, technology transfer, impediment, ozone layer protection

中图分类号: 

  • D966.9