自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 204-210.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.03.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市边缘区土地利用变化及人文驱动力机制研究

陈浮, 陈刚, 包浩生, 彭补拙   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2000-07-10 修回日期:2000-10-08 出版日期:2001-06-25 发布日期:2001-06-25
  • 作者简介:陈浮(1974-),男,江苏射阳人,博士,从事土地利用与管理研究,E-mail:chenfu@nju.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(49831070)

Analysis on land use change and human driving force in urban fringe

CHEN Fu, CHEN Gang, BAO Hao sheng, PENG Bu zhuo   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2000-07-10 Revised:2000-10-08 Online:2001-06-25 Published:2001-06-25

摘要: 利用多期遥感影像 ,对土地利用进行了测量。再运用GIS软件进行空间叠加求得研究区土地利用变化的转移矩阵 ,分析马山区11年来土地利用变化的空间过程。结果表明 :1988~1998年之间农业景观为主的农田、林地显著减少 ,城镇沿公路迅速向外扩张 ,旅游度假区沿湖岸不断扩大且呈集中化趋势。这一变化趋势的驱动力是旅游为主的第三产业迅速发展、外资大量涌入、城镇人口增长和农副产品的价格波动。

关键词: 遥感影像, 土地利用变化, 人文驱动力, 城市边缘区

Abstract: Based on remote sensing images in 1988,1993 and 1998,measurement of Mashans land use was conducted through methods of maximum like and probabilistic relaxation,which revealed the city's spatial process in the past 11 years.The conclusions may be distinguished as follows:(a) The results of the detection are reasonable and it is feasible to calculate the transfer matrix of land use to show spatial pattern of land use distribution as unit of image pixel.(b) The main characteristics of Mashans land use change are the obvious reduction of the existing farm land and forest land,and subsequent rapid increase in urban land along Guzhu road and tourism/vocationing district along ring road which are the main developing axes during the recent 10 years.In 1988,agricultural production was the main human driving force that impacted Mashan landscape,but in 1998,urban development became the main one.The typical agricultural landscape in 1988 has been transformed into the urban fringe landscape in 1998.(c) Under the favorable policy formulated by the central and local governments,the main driving forces of land use change in Mashan are the rapid growth of population,foreign investment,fixed assets investment and development of the tertiary industry which was based on tourist industry.The driving forces will continue to affect land use in the future.

Key words: remote sensing image, landscape change, human driving force, urban fringe

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24