自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 65-70.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.01.011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源可持续利用:一种资源利用伦理原则

陈安宁   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-01-25 修回日期:2000-03-27 出版日期:2001-02-25 发布日期:2001-02-25
  • 作者简介:陈安宁(1961-),男,浙江省丽水市人,副研究员,在职博士生,主要从事制度经济学和资源经济学研 究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    自然科学基金资助项目(79600025)“资源持续利用激励机制的设计”的专题成果之一

Sustainable utilization:an ethical principle of resources utilization

CHEN An ning   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2000-01-25 Revised:2000-03-27 Online:2001-02-25 Published:2001-02-25

摘要: 论文阐释了资源利用伦理的概念,从历史实践、现实需求和社会基本伦理意识等方面说明资源可持续利用伦理原则的合理性,用博弈论方法重点讨论了资源可持续利用伦理原则在资源利用中克服“囚徒困境”的作用,伦理失灵的原因和伦理法律化的必要性。

关键词: 可持续利用, 资源利用伦理, 囚徒困境, 伦理失灵, 伦理法律化

Abstract: The paper expounds the concept of the ethics of resources utilization.Based on the analyses of practices and actual demands of the ethics of sustainable utilization,and basic ethical consciousness in the society,the paper explains the rationality of the ethical principle of sustainable utilization.It points out that ethical principle of sustainable utilization can be deduced from “veil of ignorance between intergenerations"and is intergenerational fair.The paper gives the frame of the analysis of ethical function in the game of resources utilization and discusses the ethical mechanisms about putting away the“prisonersdilemma",the reasons of ethics failure and the necessity of ethics legalization in resources utilization.This paper considers that if persons have enough high moral level or trust in others ,they can avoid falling into the “prisonersdilemma" ,on the contrary,when they dontt have enough high moral level ,or cant trust others,they have to face entire ethics failure and “isolation paradox" in resources utilization,therefore,the ethics of sustainable utilization need to be legalized.

Key words: sustainable utilization, ethics of resources utilization, prisoners' dilemma ethics failure, ethics legalization

中图分类号: 

  • B82-58