自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 16-21.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.01.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国湖泊水资源问题与优化调控战略

张振克1,2, 王苏民2, 吴瑞金2, 姜家虎2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏南京 210093;
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 江苏南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2000-04-11 修回日期:2000-06-20 出版日期:2001-02-25 发布日期:2001-02-25
  • 作者简介:张振克(1963-),河南邓州市人,副教授,博士后,主要研究方向为湖泊沉积与环境演变。E-mail: zhangzk@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后基金;中国科学院重大项目(KZ951-B1-205)资助

Problems and optimum control strategy of lake water resources in China

ZHANG Zhen ke1,2, WANG Su min2, WU Rui jin2, JIANG Jia hu2   

  1. 1 Department of Urban and Resources Science of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2000-04-11 Revised:2000-06-20 Online:2001-02-25 Published:2001-02-25

摘要: 湖泊水资源在国民经济和社会可持续发展中占有重要的位置,实施优化调控战略是中国湖泊水资源可持续开发利用的重要途径。文中扼要综述了中国湖泊水资源特点和开发利用中存在水资源短缺、湖泊水资源污染和相关问题,指出湖泊资源优化调控的思路是进行湖泊流域系统的综合调控,目前针对中国湖泊水资源问题的优化战略措施包括:实施湖泊水资源流域管理战略、建立流域节约型国民经济体系、增加科技投入并因地制宜实施环境整治、流域污染的全过程与全方位控制、实施环境教育战略。

关键词: 湖泊, 水资源, 优化调控, 中国

Abstract: Water resources of lakes in China play an important role in economic and social sustainable development The implementation of optimum control strategy is an essential way for the sustainable utilization of water resources in the catchment of lakes Water resources shortage,pollution and related problems such as flood hazards,changes of lake eco systems during the utilization process in China have been generally summarized in this paper It points out that the thought on optimum control of lake resources is a comprehensive control on the aspect of eco systems in lake catchment Measures of optimum control strategy for water resources of lakes in China include the following aspects: implementing catchment management of lake water resources,establishing economical type of national economy,increasing investment on science and technology for the implementation of environmental renovation suitable to local lake conditions, controlling pollution in lake catchment through whole processes and at all aspects,and implementing environmental education in lake catchment

Key words: lake, water resources, optimum control strategy, China

中图分类号: 

  • P343.3